162 Meetings-MESHA-Final Code-2010-10-0355-1-En.doc/v2
18. Welfare facilities
Welfare facilities comprise the basic amenities that employers should provide to
workers in agricultural enterprises.
18.1.1. Dehydration quickly reduces physical and mental ability, thus reducing
productivity and increasing the risk of accidents. For this reason, the employer must
provide an adequate supply of potable water placed in locations readily accessible to
workers. The water should be provided in sufficient amounts to meet the needs of all
workers at the worksite, taking into account the air temperature, humidity and the nature of
the work performed. For physical work in hot climates, one litre or more per hour per
worker may be required (see section 17.2.4 on heat stress).
18.1.2. Mobile drinking water dispensers should be designed, constructed and
maintained to ensure sanitary conditions. They should be kept closed. They should be
equipped with a tap. Open containers, such as tanks, barrels or pails from which water
should be dipped should not be used. Drinking cups and other utensils should be for
18.1.3. The employer should provide potable water for drinking, personal hygiene,
cooking, washing of food, washing of cooking and eating utensils, the cleaning of food
preparation and eating areas and the washing of clothes, as appropriate.
18.1.4. The employer or supervisor should inform workers of the location of potable
water and allow each worker reasonable opportunities during the workday to make use of
18.1.5. Outlets for non-potable water should be clearly marked to indicate that the
water is unsafe and should not be used for drinking, personal hygiene, cooking, washing of
food, washing of cooking and eating utensils, the cleaning of food preparation and eating
areas or the washing of clothes.
18.2.1. Employers should provide toilets in accordance with national legislation.
They should be of sufficient number and be easily accessible in all worksites.
18.2.2. Employers should provide separate toilet facilities for each sex, which
afford suitable privacy. Toilet rooms should be built for single occupancy and should be
locked from the inside.
18.2.3. Employers should provide portable toilets at remote worksites, or
transportation immediately available to nearby facilities.
18.2.4. Employers should maintain toilet facilities in a clean and sanitary condition
and with a supply of sanitary paper. Toilet facilities should be well ventilated and lit.
18.2.5. Hand-washing facilities with an adequate supply of potable water, ideally
warm, soap, and single-use towels or air blowers should be conveniently located near the