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14.3. Design, construction and maintenance
14.3.1. Hazard description
126.96.36.199. Major design components common to many agricultural installations
include building materials and layout, illumination, ventilation, storage of hazardous
materials and electrical installations.
188.8.131.52. Deficiencies or inadequacies in these areas create hazards and risks
involving the movement of workers, fire hazards, electrocution hazards as well as vision
and breathing problems.
14.3.2. Engineering controls
184.108.40.206. Building clients, architects, developers and engineers should ensure that
all requirements of the competent authority are included in specification and tender
documents. They should maintain records of the location and type of building materials
used so as to provide the necessary information to those who may have potential for
exposure in the future.
220.127.116.11. Building clients and main contractors should always use contracting firms
which conform to the requirements where these have been set out by the competent
18.104.22.168. Chemical safety data sheets and labels, as well as other product
information on safety and health should be prepared in conformity with the requirements
of the competent authority, by the manufacturers of building products (e.g. protective
coatings, soldering lead and insulation wools) and made available to suppliers and users.
The production of chemical safety data sheets in electronic format should be encouraged.
22.214.171.124. Suppliers and importers, as the link between manufacturers and users,
should ensure that the information and instructions of the manufacturers are transmitted to
their customers. Any repackaging by the supplier should meet the requirements set out for
manufacturers on packaging, storage, transport, labelling, chemical safety data sheets and
126.96.36.199. Buildings and structures made of steel, iron or metal present less risk of
fire loss. Insulation materials should be non-combustible and non-toxic. The potential
generation of hazardous fibre and dust should be considered. Long open structures should
have fire barriers in the roof and ceiling areas at distances of no more than 76 metres for
low or moderate heat release structures, and 30 metres for high heat release structures.
188.8.131.52. Separate pathways for workers and mobile equipment should be provided.
Blocking devices should be used to protect workers required to perform work in vehicle
travel areas. Exits for workers should be clearly marked and lit. Pathways for mobile
equipment should include sufficient width, height and turning space for the intended work.
Walking and working areas should be sufficiently high for workers to move without
stooping or bending. If there are low-hanging beams, structural supports or ceilings, they
should be marked with hazard tape and workers provided with bump caps.
184.108.40.206. Racking and shelving should be arranged so that goods can be safely
loaded and the structures onto which they are being loaded are protected from strikes by
vehicles. Arrangements for stacking sacks and bails should be subject to design systems to
ensure they will not collapse.