Meetings-MESHA-Final Code-2010-10-0355-1-En.doc/v2 167
19. Workplace wellness programmes
Basic social protection should be available to all workers. In addition, the workplace
can be an important source of information for workers of both genders on wellness, and
how to maintain a healthy lifestyle, through a proper diet, personal hygiene, rest and
recreation. Employers should consider establishing an enterprise wellness programme as
well as establishing clear policies with regard to alcohol- and drug-related problems,
HIV/aids, workplace violence, harassment and bullying, and smoking.
19.1. Social protection
19.1.1. In accordance with national laws and regulations agricultural workers
(a) be covered by an employment contract;
(b) be entitled to adequate workers’ compensation in the event of an occupational injury
or disease and be entitled to survivors’ and dependants’ benefits;
(c) have access to appropriate services for rehabilitation and return to work; and
(d) benefit from social security coverage.
19.1.2. In countries where not all agricultural workers currently benefit from such
protection, the competent authority should work with employers and workers’
organizations to devise innovative approaches to ensuring coverage, paying particular
attention to the needs of temporary, casual and migrant workers.
19.2. Working hours
19.2.1. The pace of agricultural work has increased with the use of task rates and
piecework. Long hours of work, particularly intense manual labour, contribute to workers’
fatigue and lead to accidents on the job.
19.2.2. Daily and weekly working hours should be arranged so as to provide
adequate periods of rest which, as prescribed by national laws and regulations, or approved
by labour inspectorates or collective agreements, where applicable, should include:
(a) short breaks during working hours, especially when the work is strenuous, dangerous
or monotonous, to enable workers to recover their vigilance and physical fitness;
(b) sufficient breaks for meals;
(c) daily or nightly rest of not less than eight hours within a 24-hour period; and
(d) weekly rest of at least a full calendar day.
19.2.3. Extended workdays (over eight hours) should be contemplated only if:
(a) the nature of the work and the workload allow work to be carried out without
increased risk to safety and health;
(b) the shift system is designed to minimize the accumulation of fatigue.