Author:International Labour Organization
Meetings-MESHA-Final Code-2010-10-0355-1-En.doc/v2 171
20. Outreach
20.1. Introduction
20.1.1. In the context of OSH, outreach means raising general public awareness of
the importance of preventing occupational accidents and ill health and promoting a
preventive OSH culture. Through outreach, many more enterprises can be influenced and
motivated to pay attention to OSH than can be visited by labour inspectors.
20.1.2. Thus, outreach on OSH is a vital part of any national OSH system, for
agriculture as for other sectors. In agriculture, it particularly benefits the many farms that
rarely if ever see an inspector and have little direct contact with OSH advisory services,
such as small family farms and the self-employed. Outreach also helps to raise OSH
awareness amongst individual workers, such as migrant and seasonal workers and those in
the informal economy. Special attention should be paid to reaching both female and male
workers with appropriate information.
20.1.3. Outreach involves not only inspectors and government-sponsored agencies
such as OSH information and advice centres, but also the private sector, including
employers, workers and their organizations, trade associations, manufacturers and
suppliers of equipment and products. Intergovernmental organizations, such as FAO and
WHO, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), such as OSH associations and
community organizations can also play an important part in outreach, as can educational
and training organizations through their curricula and courses.
20.1.4. The involvement of the private sector, NGOs and educational/training
organizations in outreach is all the more important in developing countries, where
resources for labour inspection are extremely stretched. The lack of transport facilities for
inspection in rural areas is one factor here, but in addition where there is little or no OSH
legislation covering the agricultural sector, the mandate of labour inspectorates is restricted
to mainly industrial enterprises.
20.1.5. Thus, the Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Recommendation, 1969
(No. 133), proposed that competent authorities should undertake or promote education
campaigns about the need to apply relevant legal provisions, the dangers of working in
agricultural undertakings and the most appropriate means of avoiding them. In particular,
the Recommendation proposed that the education campaigns might include:
the use of the services of rural promoters and instructors;
the distribution of posters, pamphlets, periodicals and newspapers;
organization of film shows, radio and TV broadcasts;
arrangements for exhibitions and practical demonstrations on hygiene and safety;
inclusion of hygiene and safety and other appropriate subjects in teaching
programmes of rural, farm and agricultural technical schools;
organization of conferences for persons who are working in agriculture who are
affected by the introduction of new working methods or of new materials or

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