General duties of employers and workers' representatives, and responsibilities of competent authorities

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2. General duties of employers and workers’
representatives, and responsibilities
of competent authorities
2.1. General duties of employers
2.1.1. To manage disability-related issues in the work-
place, employers should adopt a strategy for managing dis-
ability as an integral part of their overall employment
policy and specifically as part of the human resources devel-
opment strategy. This disability management strategy may
be linked to employee assistance programmes, where they
exist.
2.1.2. The disability management strategy should in-
clude provision for:
General duties
(a) recruiting jobseekers with disabilities, including those
who have not worked before and those who wish to re-
turn to work after a period of non-employment;
(b) equal opportunity for employees with disabilities;
(c) job retention by employees who acquire a disability.
2.1.3. The disability management strategy should be
linked to a workplace-level policy on promoting a safe and
healthy workplace, including provision for occupational
safety and health measures, risk analysis of any adaptation
adjustment or accommodation, early intervention and re-
ferral to treatment and rehabilitation of those who acquire
a disability while in employment and a mentoring system to
ensure that integration of new employees is fostered.
2.1.4. The strategy should be in accordance with na-
tional policy and legislation and incorporate the principles

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