The Astronaut's Legal Status

Author:Yuri Baturin
Position:Doctor of Law, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Pilot-cosmonaut of Russia, Chief researcher, S.I. Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology of RAS
Pages:4-13
Advanced Space Law, Volume 5, 2020
4
The Astronaut’s Legal Status
Yuri Baturin1
Doctor of Law, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pilot-cosmonaut of Russia, Chief researcher,
S.I. Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology of RAS
(Moscow, Russia)
E-mail: baturin@ihst.ru
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1481-5369
Baturin, Yuri (2020) The Astronaut’s Legal Status. Advanced Space Law, Volume 5, 4-13.
https://doi.org/10.29202/asl/2020/5/1
The article proposes to dene the concept of “astronaut” through the four elements — specialty
“astronaut,” astronaut’s qualication, profession “astronaut” and “astronaut” as the occupation. In
this case, it is possible to dene the concept of “astronaut” through the labor function of the astronaut.
The legal status of an astronaut is considered as a generalization of practical activities in the eld of
manned astronautics. On the basis of spaceights experience, additional rules concerning the rights and
duties of the astronauts are proposed. A signicant list of problems of the astronaut’s legal status, which
are still pending, is given. It is also proposed to introduce an international component into the astronaut’s
legal status, and not only to use the full range of rights and privileges of astronauts, which are provided
for by international law, but also to empower the cosmonaut with the authority of a state representative
at a foreign or international manned space object.
Keywords: astronaut, astronaut’s labor function, professional activities of an astronaut, astronaut’s
rights and obligations, astronaut’s legal status, contract for undertaking of a space mission, space law.
Received: March 01, 2020; accepted: April 07, 2020
Introduction
Now that the International Space Station is up and running and multilateral cooperation has
become the norm, we sometimes forget how long and hard was the road to smooth cooperation
in this strategic area aecting the interests of many countries. People have been ying to outer
space for almost 60 years now, or, more accurately, their states have been sending them to do
some work. The only nations capable of doing that independently are the USSR/Russia, the
United States, and China. However, reaching an agreement between the spacefaring nations
on joint space legal documents today proved almost as challenging as putting a man into orbit.
© Baturin, Yuri, 2020

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