Publisher:
International Society of Philosophy and Cosmology
Publication date:
2020-10-22
ISBN:
2663-3663

Latest documents

  • Space Critical Infrastructures as Part of Critical Infrastructures: Threats and Methods of Protection

    This article is devoted to the problem of protecting critical space infrastructure as one of the main elements ensuring national security in general, as well as the safety of the population. This article will discuss such concepts as critical infrastructure and critical space infrastructure as one of its parts, the threats faced by states, and ways of protection. It will also consider several national strategies for protecting such infrastructures, the need for cooperation at various levels, which will ensure security in this area, and a quick response to threats. The author offers the following definition of critical infrastructure. The critical infrastructure of Ukraine is systems and resources, physical and virtual, that ensure the normal functioning of the state, ensure an adequate standard of living for the population, extraneous interference in the work of which will lead to negative and unforeseen consequences in the life of the society and may constitute threats to national security. Keywords: critical infrastructure, space critical infrastructure, space, cyberspace, cyberthreats

  • China Airlines 'Escort' to Fight Outbreak Prevention and Control
  • Authors
  • The Astronaut's Legal Status

    The article proposes to define the concept of "astronaut" through the four elements — specialty "astronaut," astronaut's qualification, profession "astronaut" and "astronaut" as the occupation. In this case, it is possible to define the concept of "astronaut" through the labor function of the astronaut. The legal status of an astronaut is considered as a generalization of practical activities in the field of manned astronautics. On the basis of spaceflights experience, additional rules concerning the rights and duties of the astronauts are proposed. A significant list of problems of the astronaut's legal status, which are still pending, is given. It is also proposed to introduce an international component into the astronaut's legal status, and not only to use the full range of rights and privileges of astronauts, which are provided for by international law, but also to empower the cosmonaut with the authority of a state representative at a foreign or international manned space object. Keywords: astronaut, astronaut's labor function, professional activities of an astronaut, astronaut's rights and obligations, astronaut's legal status, contract for undertaking of a space mission, space law

  • Administrative and Legal Forms of Regulation of the Modern Market of Space Services and Technologies

    The relevance of the topic is primarily due to the fact that at the current stage of development of the world economy, a number of contradictions have arisen between the qualitatively new state of the world market and the inadequacy of existing mechanisms and methods of its legal regulation. Scientific development of modern problems of legal regulation of the world market of space services and technologies is extremely relevant today in connection with the significant diversification of applied areas of space activities, on the one hand, and with the increasing commercialization of these activities and the corresponding activation in relations in the world market of space services and technologies of the non — state sector, on the other. Keywords: globalization, commercialization, space, technologies, market, services, International space station

  • Cooperation between Ukraine and Kazakhstan in the Space Sector: Background, Regulatory Framework, and Further Development

    The article analyzes and studies theoretical and practical aspects of the relationship development of international scientific and technical cooperation between Ukraine and Kazakhstan, aimed at their improving, as a factor in expanding innovative, scientific, technical areas and increasing the competitiveness of economies in the context of globalization. The analysis of the current legal regulations of Ukraine and Kazakhstan on space activities enabled us to reveal the foundations of scientific and technological cooperation, as an essential component of international relations of our time. The theoretical and methodological approaches to the organization of scientific and technical collaboration are systematized. The modern specificities of bilateral cooperation are revealed, and the results and achievements of Kazakhstan and Ukraine in the space industry are presented. Keywords: space, space activity, bilateral relations, scientific and technological cooperation, innovation, legal regulation, law

  • International Legal Regulation of the Missile Technology Control Regime in the Aspect of Private Space Company Activities

    In the article, the analysis of the provisions of the Missile Technology Control Regime enables to conclude that it requires to be amended, or, which is better, replaced by a new high-level international legal treaty. The authors reveal that classic civilian launch vehicles built by private space companies have a common good for humanity; in particular, they increase the chance of human survival as a result of global natural or human-made disasters. The authors conclude that a new paradigm should be implemented: from restraining the transfer of rocket technology to encouraging this process by space companies under the banner of democracies governed by the rule of law. At the same time, the authors argue that more effective international legal sanctions and controls should be implemented by the international community to prevent ballistic missiles from getting to terrorists. Keywords: export control, weapons of mass destruction, space companies, international law, missile technology, launch vehicle, control regime, sanctions, terrorism

  • Current Problems and Challenges in International Space Law: Legal Aspects

    The article is devoted to the study and research of contemporary legal issues in the field of international space law. Today we are witnessing the rapid and unstoppable development of the space industry. Such cooperation requires an appropriate legal framework. In this article, we will review the leading normative legal acts regulating relations in outer space today and analyze current development trends and problems. Space law is a relatively new branch of international public law, involving a combination of customs and treaties. The legislative framework of the space industry is expanding accordingly to the subject that is regulated. One of the main issues that are investigated in this article is the search for a balance between free access of humanity to the space and the opportunity to establish ownership of certain study objects in outer space. The ability to develop the right of ownership of private enterprises, companies, research centers is extremely important for the economic development of the space industry. This article aims to provide a holistic understanding of current trends and challenges in space law with particular emphasis on such issues as space tourism, the "new space" and climate change. The article will examine the founding treaties of space law, the legal framework, and scientific literature concerning space law. The leading goal of this article is to highlight new trends and prospects of space research, the exploration of new perspectives, which are distributed today in the field of outer space, and search of ways of its solution within the framework of legislative regulation. Keywords: United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, European Space Agency, European Space Research Organization, space treaties, space, tourism, privatization, commercialization, new space, climate change, debris

  • The Cooperation between China and Ukraine in Space Exploration: Genesis and Development

    Mainly, the studies of China-Ukraine relations have focused on topics such as trade agreements, commodity exports, investment, migration, and geopolitical implications for the post-Cold War world order. The issue of space cooperation has been almost completely absent in the studies of China- Ukraine cooperation, despite the central importance of space technology for many spheres of life, which have stimulated research and political participation since the beginning of the millennium. Bilateral cooperation on space exploration between China and Ukraine began in 1992 and has already celebrated its twentieth anniversary. This cooperation is an important determinant of what is considered "new" or "modern" geography of China-Ukraine cooperation. In this article, the study of collections, legal documents, and interviews enables to analyze the strategies of cooperation between China and Ukraine in space briefly. Keywords: bilateral relations, space programs, White Paper, space exploration, cooperation, law

  • Corruption Factor as a Destabilizing Element of Development of the Space Industry

    This work is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of corruption, its impact on the development of the space industry, because under the condition of the rapid development of new space technologies, building a new model of the space economy and generally rethinking the prospects of the space industry by the world, the exploration of its unknown spaces — this question is extremely relevant. In a global sense, corruption as a transnational socio-legal phenomenon is, firstly, a type of behavior of persons with a special status (particularly in the sphere of making individual decisions that have legal consequences), in which the interests of such a person occupy a privileged position over public or state ones; secondly, it is a reviled ideology of society that allows, contrary to the law, to commit, allow or encourage unethical and illegal behavior of authorized persons. In a general sense, it is a comprehensive phenomenon that includes manifestations of any abuse of a special status on the one hand, and on the other — inducement and active actions before their implementation by other interested persons. In other words, it is a two-way relationship, a symbiosis of needs and benefits. It is proved that corruption in the space industry is manifested by the aggregate indicator of its existence in the state, in its main sectors. The space industry is hindered in its development precisely because funds that should potentially be used for research and development of outer space are not being used for their intended purpose. Accordingly, there is no innovation activity, and technological progress is minimal. Therefore, the priority is to eliminate corruption both in the world and in individual countries, because it, like a viral infection, tends to migrate, threatening the entire humanity. Keywords: eradication of corruption, destabilization, corruption, space sphere, outer space, world cooperation

Featured documents

  • Space Law: the Present and the Future

    The article suggests a comprehensive analysis of the current trends in the development of space law. The principles of space law have been adjusted. The limits of understanding of space law have been expanded and supplemented with the scientific understanding of the sources of space law. The...

  • Domestic (National) Public Space Law of the USA. Success and Challenges of our Time

    The author shows the current objective need to approve the principles and specific norms of domestic (national) public space law. The purpose of the article is to prove the expediency of considering the domestic space legislation of the United States, which nowadays consists of ten national laws,...

  • Moon Exploration: Legal Aspects

    Legal aspects of the theory and practice of Moon exploration are investigated through the problem statement in philosophical and legal discourse with the reflection of history, current condition and prospects, including the issue of its total colonization. Materials and results of initial research...

  • Ownership of Space Objects

    The article is devoted to the study of the concept of «space objects» and their legal nature. The situation arising in international space law in connection with the adoption by the United States and Luxembourg of legislative acts aimed at the legalization, extraction, use and appropriation of...

  • The Astronaut's Legal Status

    The article proposes to define the concept of "astronaut" through the four elements — specialty "astronaut," astronaut's qualification, profession "astronaut" and "astronaut" as the occupation. In this case, it is possible to define the concept of "astron...

  • Types of Liability for Illegal Space Activities

    The article analyzes the norms of international law, which relate to the responsibility of the state and other subjects of international law during the implementation of such types of space activities as remote sensing of Earth from outer space, provision of satellite broadcasting, prevention and...

  • International Legal Regulation of the Missile Technology Control Regime in the Aspect of Private Space Company Activities

    In the article, the analysis of the provisions of the Missile Technology Control Regime enables to conclude that it requires to be amended, or, which is better, replaced by a new high-level international legal treaty. The authors reveal that classic civilian launch vehicles built by private space...

  • Commercialization of Space Activities: Correlation of Private and Public Interest in the Pursuit of Outer Space Exploration

    The article reveals the issues of space exploration by private entities who have intensified their efforts in space activities. The US and Luxembourg legal regulations, which both govern the private sector involvement in State space activities and allow citizens to freely engage in the development...

  • The Cooperation between China and Ukraine in Space Exploration: Genesis and Development

    Mainly, the studies of China-Ukraine relations have focused on topics such as trade agreements, commodity exports, investment, migration, and geopolitical implications for the post-Cold War world order. The issue of space cooperation has been almost completely absent in the studies of China-...

  • International Legal Regulation of Space Tourism

    The article analyzes the state of legal regulation of the process of organization and implementation of space tourism, defines the features of its application and its place in modern international space law. The legal norms in the field of space travel and the legal bases of their organization were ...