Internally Displaced Persons and Their Legal Status: The Ukrainian Context

Author:Iryna Basova
Pages:113-124
SUMMARY

The article examines the issues of social protection of internally displaced people as a new subject of social-security law. The legal foundations with regard to these individuals are on their way, under development. Ukraine’s law On the Rights and Freedoms of Internally Displaced People is established as the initial indicator that this subject is becoming recognised as a field of social-security ... (see full summary)

 
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113
JURIDICA INTERNATIONAL 26/2017
Iryna Basova
Postgraduate student
Department of Civil, Labour and Business Law
V.M. Koretsky Institute of State and Law
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Internally
Displaced Persons
and Their Legal Status
The Ukrainian Context
1. Introduction
The problem of internally displaced persons not only is topical in Ukraine but also has been seen all over
the world, in various historical periods. According to research*1 cited by the United Nations High Commis-
sioner for Refugees on movements in the world in late 2014, the number of internally displaced persons was
59.5 million then, with 38.2 million of these being internally displaced persons (hereinafter also ‘IDPs’).
Among the reasons for such movements are natural and manmade disasters / ‘acts of God’, but most of
the displacement is caused by the necessity of escaping armed con icts in the country of residence. For
example, military actions in Georgia in 1992 - 1993 and military aggression of Russia in 2008 (in Abkhazia
and South Ossetia) are well-known, with the number of IDPs coming to around 257,989*2 in 1991 in Azer-
baijan (Nagorny-Karabakh) - about 789,000 people*3; roughly 210,000 people being forced to change their
place of residence in the case of Serbia (Kosovo) in 1999; about 130,000 residents*4 of Moldova leaving
their homes (Transnistria) in the 1990s; etc. The problems of internally displaced persons were addressed
in several ways in these countries, from creating the appropriate committees, departments, and individual
UNHCR report ‘Global Trends Forced Displacement in ’, p. . Available at http://www.unhcr.org/e.html
(most recently accessed on ..).
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees released research on intentions to implement long-term solutions,
focusing on the thoughts of internally displaced persons in Georgia, on June . Details are available at http://www.
refworld.org.ru/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/rwmain?page=search&docid=ec&skip=&query=%D%B%D%BD%D%
%D%%D%%D%B%D%BD%D%BD%D%B%%D%BF%D%B%D%%D%B%D%BC%D%
B%D%%D%B%D%BD%D%BD%D%B%D%B%%D%BB%D%B%D%%D%B&coi=GEO (most
recently accessed on ..). The gure comes from p. of these materials.
The gure comes from p. of statistical information on the consequences of the military aggression of Armenia, provided by
the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Azerbaijan in . Available, in Azerbaijani, at http://mod.gov.az/ru/posledstviya-
voennoj-agressii-armenii-statistika-/ (most recently accessed on ..).
O. Horelova, H. Shelar. Title of document goes here [‘The costs of the Transnistrian con ict and the bene ts of its settle-
ment’]. Chisinau, Moldova: Center for Strategic Studies and Reforms , p. . Available at http://www.cisr-md.org/pdf/
Report%RUS%Master%Final%vGS.pdf (most recently accessed on ..) (in language_name).
https://doi.org/10.12697/JI.2017.26.12

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