Policy Perspectives

Pluto Journals
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Policy Perspectives is a double-blind, peer-reviewed, flagship biannual journal of Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), Islamabad, which also brings forth occasional special issues. The journal disseminates the research carried out by the Institute and its associates on diverse range of current and evolving topics.

Latest documents

  • Back Matter
  • Civil-Military Relationship in a Democratic Pakistan

    The paper explores the futuristic calibration of Pakistan’s constitutional development and its interpretation through precedents in the face of multiple sociopolitical, socioeconomic, and legal challenges. In particular, it analyzes the essential normative characteristics of constitutional legal framework based on separation of powers between pillars of the state vis-à-vis civil-military relationship. The article attempts to assess the constitutional direction from a broader legal and jurisprudential perspective meant to provide an avenue of progress and prosperity through its compatibility with sociopolitical norms. The main inquiry of the article is whether the constitutional evolution of Pakistan as a democratic state would be able to withstand the burden of contemporary socioeconomic, sociopolitical, and geopolitical challenges in creating a balance of power between civil and military institutions or would lead to more blurred boundaries instigating institutional conflicts and interventionist models. The paper through legal lens draws upon theories of legal positivism and its critique to understand the constitutional legitimacy of military interventions in democratic and political system. It covers the literature gap in analyzing jurisprudential approach of Pakistan’s judiciary as custodian of constitutional and democratic norms vis-à-vis constitutional scheme of civil-military relations, and its institutionalization in comparison with other international models suggesting pragmatic civilian control. In the end, the paper recommends a comprehensive institutional framework carved out of domestic realities as well as internationally-recognized constitutional schemes.

  • The Challenge of Governance and Public Representation in Pakistan

    While the problems of political instability, polarization, corruption, etc., are not unique to Pakistan and continue to afflict all countries and societies, a more representative, multi-tier system of governance can resolve such problems more efficiently and effectively with genuine public participation. Pakistan is currently facing serious political and economic crises. However, these crises point towards symptoms of the problem, the cause lies in governance. The challenge of good governance can be met by reforming the electoral system, among other things. There are mainly two electoral systems in vogue in the world – the traditional ‘first-past-the-post’, and the ‘proportional representation’. This paper argues that the former only promotes individual and parochial interests, while disenfranchising majority votes. The latter one represents all segments of society besides promoting national feeling and character. The constitution of Pakistan though gives an elaborate and practicable framework for governance, it still has room for amendments in keeping with the demands of changing times. Introducing electoral reforms, improving the existing system, at national and local level, and focusing on the quality of ‘governors’ are crucial steps to achieve better governance.

  • In this issue
  • Decentralization of Environmental Governance in Pakistan and its Impact on Sustainable Development
  • Syed Khawar Mehdi, comp., Iskander Mirza: Pakistan's First Elected President's Memoirs from Exile

    The latest book titled Iskander Mirza: Pakistan’s First Elected President’s Memoirs from Exile is a profound and historical document that offers a different and intimate perspective on the critical formative years of Pakistan, challenging popular historical narrative. This review delves deep into the central themes and revelations in Iskander Mirza’s memoirs, providing an extensive analysis of his role in shaping Pakistan’s early history, the factors that contributed to his political downfall, and the broader historical context in which these events unfolded.

  • Front Matter
  • Dialogue at IPS

    International Relations, Pakistan Affairs, Faith, Society & Law, Science & Technology, and Leadership & Governance are the core themes of the Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), Islamabad, which remained the focus of deliberations held at IPS during the past few months. The following write-up summarizes these discussions under the aforementioned themes.

  • Muhammad Ayub, ed., Economics and Economic Policy – Islamic Perspective (Islamabad: Riphah International Islamic University, 2022), 670.

    This book is jointly written by a group of eminent experts in Islamic economics and finance including Prof. Dr Muhammad Fahim Khan, Prof. Dr Muhammad Ayub, Prof. Dr Anas Zarqa, Prof. Dr Akram Laldin, Prof. Dr Muhammad Tahir Mansoori and Prof. Dr Ma’sum Billah, among others. The book is divided into six parts and 22 chapters. Part one builds the ground for a new approach in economics by highlighting the theoretical and socioeconomic challenges being faced under the mainstream paradigm of economics. It is argued that beyond market economics, ethical values and the role of the entrepreneur in the production process are undermined or ignored in mainstream economics.

  • Pakistan’s External Debt Unsustainability and the Required Approach

Featured documents

  • Dialogue at IPS
  • Market, Regulation and Sustainability

    The argument of this study is philosophically rooted in the paradoxical Grand Design. The destiny of humankind, at all levels of existence and organization, is to optimally resolve omnipotent paradoxes in the universe of tangible as well as intangible phenomena. However, the instinctive behavior of ...

  • China-Iran Relations: Prospects and Complexities

    China-Iran relations have steadily evolved and expanded in the domains of geopolitics, economics and diplomacy since the Iranian revolution. Presently, being increasingly isolated from the world under Donald Trump's maximum pressure campaign, Iran has been further drawn towards China, which, in the ...

  • Impasse of Kashmir and Recurring Pretexts: A Historiographical Analysis

    The relevance of undertaking a historiographic analysis in the context of historically disputed territory of Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IOJ&K) cannot be denied in the wake of revocation of Article 370 and 35A by India on August 5, 2019. This arbitrary decision has opened a recurring...

  • Strategizing Kashmiri Freedom Struggle Through Nonviolent Means

    Since 1947, Kashmiris are demanding freedom from Indian occupation. They have adopted numerous approaches to gain independence from Indian subjugation, including nonviolent resistance, election boycotts and international arbitration. Various new trends in the Kashmiri freedom struggle have been...

  • Climate Governance: Implementing Water Sector Adaptation Strategies in Pakistan

    Climate extreme events, during 1994 to 2014, have witnessed high vulnerability index for Pakistan. Droughts (particularly 1998-2002) had drastic impacts on agriculture and livestock production and forced people to migrate. Pakistan is fundamentally an agricultural economy and its Framework for...

  • Realizing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Need for an Indigenous Approach
  • Muslims' Share of the Waves: Law, War and Tradition

    The Muslim jurists opted for a balanced, equitable approach in water resources, particularly the oceans, held and taken care of as a collective, shared, and common asset. They devoted several writings on the humane conduct of hostilities, safety of civilians, seaworthiness of ships and shipwrecks...

  • The US in China's Nuclear Threat Perception

    China's nuclear threat perception, of which its nuclear weapons program is the by-product, is driven by the external strategic environment where the United States (US) is a key player. Chairman Mao Zedong, after the US nuclear intimidation during the Korean War and the Cross-Strait Crises,...

  • Transgender Law in Pakistan: Some Key Issues

    The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) has recently issued a Briefing Paper regarding the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act of 2018 of Pakistan. Stating the passage of this Act a crucial progress, ICJ suggests that this enactment was made under an international law obligations...

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