e Egyptian Judiciary in the Age of the Republic
tive authority and the judiciary.6 However, the history of internal con-
icts among judges remains a mystery, and has been merely implied.
is was due to either the fear of aggravating the divide among judges,
or due to the internal cleansing process within the judiciary. As a result,
this paper argues that the struggle was not only between political re-
gimes and the judiciary, but also expressed itself in an internal conict
among members of the judiciary.7
Such conicts have taken various forms based on the political
regime in power at the time.8 During the Nasser and Al-Sisi eras, the
internal conict was manifested in participating of judges in military
coups, in addition to political trials of Islamists. During Al-Sadat’s era,
the internal conict took on a more hushed form. While judges, who
were proponents of the regime were granted the best positions and
secondments, opponents struggled with poor work placements and
average wages. During Mubarak’s era, the conict was a combination
of Nasser’s, and Al-Sisi’s eras. Judges were able to oppose the regime
without risking impeachment.
is paper applies a mixed approach in studying the Egyptian
judicial history. It tracks the history of the internal conict among
judges during several historical periods. is approach amalgamates
the two major historical approaches. e rst approach limits judicial
study to certain eras.9 It documents most of the judiciary aairs during
these periods or a certain period.10 It either limits the historical study
6. A S, I -I -N -Q -M-
, 277 (2013); see Nathan J. Brown & Hesham Nasr, Egypt’s Judges Step
Forward: e Judicial Election Boycott and Egyptian Reform, P O-
D R , http://www.maoum.com/
press8/241S21.pdf. See also, T -B, A-Q A-M -
-- -, 64 (Dar Al-Shorouk, 2006).
7. Bruce Rutherford, Sur viving under Rule by Law: Explaining ideological Change
in Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood during the Mubarak Era, in T R L,
I, C P E I 250-52 (Siad
Amir Arjomand & Nathan Brown eds, 2013).
8. R H, S’ P: I L S M-
W 50 (); see also, R W B, S A-
: S E’ P S 120 ().
9. Id. at 253.
10. N B, T R L A W: C E