Past and Present of the Peace Agenda Within the United Nations: the Influence of the Socialist Notion of Peaceful Co-existence

Author:Ch.G. Fernandez - D.F. Puyana
Position:UNESCO Chair on Peace, Solidarity and Intercultural Dialogue (San José, Costa Rica) - UNESCO Chair on Peace, Solidarity and Intercultural Dialogue (Barcelona, Spain)
Pages:81-109
BRICS LAW JOURNAL Volume IV (2017) Issue 3
PaST anD PRESEnT
oF THE PEaCE aGEnDa wITHIn THE unITED naTIonS:
THE InFLuEnCE oF THE SoCIaLIST noTIon
oF PEaCEFuL Co-EXISTEnCE
CHRISTIAN GUILLERMET FERNÁNDEZ,
UNESCO Chair on Peace, Solidarity and Intercultural Dialogue
(San José, Costa Rica)
DAVID FERNÁNDEZ PUYANA,
UNESCO Chair on Peace, Solidarity and Intercultural Dialogue
(Barcelona, Spain)
DOI: 10.21684/2412-2343-2017-4-3-81-109
War and peace perpetually alternate and peace is always seen as an endless project, even
a dream, to be realised in brotherhood by everyone all over the earth. Present generations
should ensure that both they and future generations learn to live together in peace with
the highest aspiration of sparing future generations the scourge of war. The UN Charter is
the most solemn pact of peace in history, which lays down the necessary basic principles
for an enduring peace. Recently, in the context of the joint eort in the recognition of the
high importance of practicing tolerance, dialogue, cooperation and solidarity among
all human beings, p eoples and nations, the General Assembly has raised the voice of
victims to strongly condemn war and to openly reiterate their inalienable right to enjoy
peace such that all human rights are promoted and protected and development is fully
realized.
Keywords: Commission on Human Rights; Human Rights Council; right to peace; Cuba;
General Assembly.
Recommended citation: Christian Guillermet Fernández & David Fernández Puyana,
Past and Present of the Peace Agenda within the United Nations: The Inuence of the
Socialist Notion of Peaceful Co-Existence, 4(3) BRICS Law Journal 81–109 (2017).
BRICS LAW JOURNAL Volume IV (2017) Issue 3 82
Table of Contents
Introduction
1. Approach to the Notion of Peace and War in Socialism
2. Elaboration of Peace and War in the Domestic Constitutions
3. Impact of the Soviet Peace Agenda within the United Nations
3.1. Declaration on Preparation of Societies for Life in Peace
3.1.1. Historical Approach
3.1.2. Legal Analysis
3.2. Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace
3.2.1. Historical Approach
3.2.2. Legal Analysis
4. Cuba and the Peace Global Agenda
4.1. Commission on Human Rights
4.1.1. Relationship among States
4.1.2. Introduction of the Human Rights Approach
4.2. Human Rights Council
Conclusion
Introduction
This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Russian revolution. The year featured
two revolutions: the February revolution which deposed Tsar Nicholas II after more
than 300 years of rule by the Romanov dynasty, ushering in a brief period in which
hopes for a democratic future ourished. Lenin’s Bolsheviks, a small, marginal faction
of people who were not taken seriously in the aftermath of the February uprising,
took control in the October revolution.
The Bolshevik government passed a plethora of legislation in the immediate
aftermath of the Oc tober Revolution. The Bolsheviks had no experience with
government and there was little guarantee that the Bolsheviks would have maintained
power for any length of time. Despite the apparent chaos, the leaders of the Bolshevik
Party managed to meet for six hours every day for two months in the relatively safety
of the Smolny Institute. In this time they introduced 193 new laws that were to have
a major change on Russian society once they were implemented.1
In the present paper, the research intends to approach the notion of peace and war
from a historical perspective. To understand the meaning contained in these notions,
1 Social Reforms of 1917, The History Learning Site, 22 May 2015 (Sep. 2, 2017), available at http://www.
historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/russia-1900-to-1939/social-reforms-
of-1917/.

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