Transhumance movements' is a modern term for a very old tradition: the foraging of scarce pasturage by traditional herders. In the region between Southern Chad and the Central African Republic, such activities are considered in the modern age among the largest on the planet in the world, according to the International Crisis Group.
Herders are moving cyclically along traditional transhumance corridors, both within the country's boundaries and across borders, in search of fodder for their livestock. These movements have been a source of clashes between the agro-pastoral communities, particularly in Moyen Chari, a province in Southern Chad.
Across the region, herders and farmers communities are greatly affected by a mismanagement of pastures and transhumant cross-border movements which is causing significant disputes, with regular casualties, mainly due to a mutual misunderstanding. In addition, climate change and ongoing intercommunal conflicts disrupt the traditional patterns of agro-pastoral communities, prompting new challenges for nomadic herders and host communities.
As part of its efforts to support the Government of Chad to improve border management and resolve conflicts linked to transhumance, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Chad presented on 19 November its new guide for practitioners on the safe and orderly management of transhumance flows and cross-border information exchange.
Designed together with an international human rights expert and in conjunction with the Government of Chad, the guide covers topics including the identification, referral...