Equality between women and men as a fundamental human right of the european union

Author:Ivanus Catalina-Adriana
Position:Law Department, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
Pages:82-86
SUMMARY

Combating persisting gender inequalities in all spheres of society is a longer-term challenge, since it entails structural and behavioral changes and a redefinition of the roles of women and men. Progress is slow, and gender gaps persist as regards employment rates, pay, working hours, and positions of responsibility, share of care and household duties, and risk of poverty. Equality between men... (see full summary)

 
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AGORA International Journal of Juridical Sciences, www.juridicalj ournal.univagora.ro
ISSN 1843-570X, E-ISSN 2067-7677
No. 2 (2012), pp. 82-86
82
EQUALITY BETWEEN WOMEN AND MEN AS A FUNDAMENTAL
HUMAN RIGHT OF THE
EUROPEAN UNION
C. A. Ivnu
Ctlina-Adriana Ivnu
Law Department,
The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
* Correspondence: Ctlina-Adriana Ivnu, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies,
the Law Department, 6 Piata Romana, 1st district, Bucharest, Romania
E-mail: catalinaivanus@gmail.com
Abstract
Combating persisting gender inequalities in all spheres of society is a longer-term
challenge, since it entails structural and behavioral changes and a redefinition of the roles of
women and men. Progress is slow, and gender gaps persist as regards employment rates, pay,
working hours, and positions of responsibility, share of care and household duties, and risk of
poverty.
Equality between men and women is now indisputably recognized as a basic principle
of democracy and respect for human rights.
Keywords: fundamental rights, equality, gender, European Union
Introduction
Combating inequalities between women and men is a constant challenge to the
international community. This involves a long-term challenge in all spheres of society,
including structural and behavioral changes and a redefinition of the roles of women and
men. Progress is slow, and gender gaps persist as regards employment rates, payment,
working hours, positions of responsibility, share of care and household duties, and risk of
poverty.
Equality between men and women is now indisputably recognized as a basic principle
of democracy and respect for human rights.
1. Conceptual delimitation
‘Gender’ refers to social and cultural differences between women and men who are
learned in time and which changes over time. ‘Sex’ refers to the biological differences
between male and female
1
. Sexual characteristics are acquired at birth, and the gender
characteristics are gained through socialization.
Gender equality means offering equal rights to women and men. This is a de jure
equality which doesn’t lead automatically to a de facto equality.
Gender equality means that all human beings are free to develop their personal abilities
and make choices without limitations set by strict gender roles
2
.
Discrimination on the grounds of sex includes (according to EU legislation): direct
discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment and sexual harassment.
1
Irina Moroianu Zltescu, Mihaela Muraru-Mandrea, Egalitate. Nediscriminare. Bun administrare, I.R.D.O.
Publisher, Bucharest, 2008, pp. 99-100.
2
Idem p. 101.

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