Wide-ranging agenda item on development and international co-operation discussed in Second Committee
The Second Committee (Economic and Financial) in October began consideration of its most comprehensive agenda item--"Development and international economic co-operation' --reviewing nine specific subjects.
Those were: implementation of the International Development Strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade; review of implementation of the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States; science and technology for development; environment; human settlements; International Year of Shelter for the Homeless (1987); women in development; new international human order; and long-term trends in economic development.
In the discussion, most countries expressed appreciation for the consensus achieved by the Committee on the Review and Appraisal of the Implementation of the International Development Strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade. The adoption of its agreed conclusions had made it possible to reaffirm commitments made five years ago, Luxembourg, on behalf of the European Economic Community, stated.
Some countries, however, felt that the consensus was only a first step. Some had sought to achieve consensus "by presenting ultimatums' said the Soviet Union. In that sense the results of the Strategy review had reflected the "negative state of affairs in the North-South dialogue'.
Regarding the review of the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States, some countries regretted the "boycctting' by some developed countries of the Ad Hoc Committee dealing with that subject. That had "hardly contributed to multilateral co-operation, let alone to a revival of the dialogue between developed and developing countries', Yugoslavia said, on behalf of the Group of 77. Romania said that major efforts must be made if the Charter was to become a real code of conduct.
Amilcar Ferrari, Executive Director of the United Nations Centre for Science and Technology for Development, said the mid-decade review of implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action conducted by the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development had "addressed itself to possible courses of action in the context of rapid advances in science and technology and of changing economic conditions'.
That Committee had asked for a study on emerging trends in science and technology, their impact on the development of developing countries and how...