Views on the offence of human trafficking

AuthorVlad-Alexandru Porumb
PositionMinistry of Internal Affairs. E-mail:
AGORA International Journal of Juridical Sciences,
ISSN 1843-570X, E-ISSN 2067-7677
No. 1 (2019), pp. 9- 14
Ministry of Internal Affairs
In the international background of the current period, Romania is included in the
"Balkan Route" of illegal migration, which influences all the main areas of society, including
the security of the state and that of its citizens.
One of the main issues in the last decade, at national and international level, is the
human trafficking, linked to the illegal migration, which is constantly increasing.
Human trafficking is an offense which affects human r ights, with profound economic
and social interference, due to the mobility and perceivable advantages of the phenomenon.
Until 2014, human trafficking was provided for by law 678/2001 regar ding the
prevention and control of human trafficking, but with the entry into force of the New Criminal
Code this offense was covered by the same code, provided by art. 210.
KEY WORDS: human trafficking, security, phenomenon.
The phenomenon of human trafficking is not an isolated phenomenon,specific to our
country; it has a n international and cross-border characterand is part of what we call
organized crime.
The concept of trafficking is not new and was first used in the 16th century as a
synonym for trade; therefore this ter m has no negative connotations. However, towards the
17th century, trafficking began to be associated with the illicit or illegal sale of goods.
Although initially trafficking was largely understood as the sa le of drugs a nd weapons
in the 19th century, this term also included the trading of people considered goods and sold in
This slave trade was outlawed towards the end of the 19th century. At the beginning of
the 20th century, the term "trafficking" often referr ed to the "white slave tra de", which was
the cross-border movement of women and children for prostitution purposes. Only in the late
1990s trafficking was associated with the prostitution and sexual exploitation of women and
Prostitution is considered one of the oldest "jobs in the world". Myths or historical
testimonies show tha t in a ncient times prostitution was not only eradicated but even
encouraged for var ious purposes.2
It should be noted that a number of important UN documents have r eferred to the
prohibition of human trafficking. We can enumerate the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights (1948), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), The
1 Romanian Criminal Code Special Section Title VII Trafficking and exploitation of vulnerable p eople
2 M.Focault ,The History of sexuality , vol. 3 , Univers edition, Bucharest , 2005 , p.57.

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