Unified Digital Law Enforcement Environment - Necessity and Prospects for Creation in the 'BRICS Countries'

Author:E. Nikitin - M. C. Marius
Position:South Ural State University (Chelyabinsk, Russia) - University of Maribor (Maribor, Slovenia)
Pages:66-93
BRICS LAW JOURNAL Volume VII (2020) Issue 2
unIFIED DIGITAL LAw EnFoRCEmEnT EnvIRonmEnT – nECESSITy
AnD PRoSPECTS FoR CREATIon In THE “BRICS CounTRIES”
EVGENII NIKITIN,
South Ural State University (Chelyabinsk, Russia)
MENSAH COCOU MARIUS,
University of Maribor (Maribor, Slovenia)
https://doi.org/10.21684/2412-2343-2020-7-2-66-93
The article examines the prospects for the development of an interstate association
of BRICS member nations and concludes that it is necessary to expand cooperation in
addition to the economic sphere through other areas, in particular, the organization
of interaction to combat crime. The article focuses on the fact that an important area
of joint cooperation between the BRICS member nations will be activities in the eld of
security and combating crime. The main promising areas of cooperation between the
BRICS member nations in the eld of security are formulated and forms of joint activities
in these areas are proposed. This area of cooperation of the BRICS member nations should
be based on modern information technologies, which is due to the need for coordination
of law enforcement activities of the BRICS member nations. The article analyzes the joint
system for preventing international crime in the BRICS member nations and concludes
that no improvement of this system is possible without appropriate information support
for law enforcement based on general principles and approaches. To this end, the necessity
of creating a Unied Digital Environment for Law Enforcement Services in the BRICS
member nations is substantiated, which implies the sp eed of achieving the objectives
of law enforcement in the BRICS member nations; reduction of corruption risks in this
area; as well as automation of individual work processes by replacing a human resource
with software. The article describes the concept of a Unied Digital Environment for
Law Enforcement Services of the BRICS member nations, substantiates the components
that make up its structure. The modern methods of information processing that can be
used to build the specied information system are presented. Possible interested users of
this environment are highlighted and the capabilities of the Unied Digital BRICS Law
Enforcement Services Environment provided to these users are presented.
EVGENII NIKITIN, MENSAH COCOU MARIUS 67
Keywords: digital law; digitalization of law; information technology; law enforcement;
BRICS; international cooperation; ght against crime; law digital environments.
Recommended citation: Evgenii Nikitin & Mensah Cocou Marius, Unied Digital
Law Enforcement Environment – Necessity and Prospects for Creation in the “BRICS
Countries, 7(2) BRICS Law Journal 66–93 (2020).
Table of Contents
Introduction
1. Directions and Forms of Joint Activities of the BRICS Member
Nations in Law Enforcement
2. Digitalization of the Joint Activities of the BRICS Member Nations
3. Structure of the BRICS Unied Digital Law Enforcement Environment
3.1. Technical and Methodological Component of the BRICS
Unied Digital Law Enforcement Environment
3.2. User Component of the BRICS Unied Digital Law
Enforcement Environment
3.3. Resource Component of the BRICS Unied Digital Law
Enforcement Environment
Conclusion
Introduction
BRICS is currently the most influential association of states created on an
economic basis. The unication of Brazil, India, China, Russia, and South Africa was
made possible thanks to the promising economic indicators and economic growth
rates of these countries. In the economic sphere, the BRICS member nations are
integrated and mutually complementary. Russia is the largest exporter of energy
resources, the agricultural industr y is developed in Brazil, China is the leader in
human capital and information technology, industry and services are developed in
India, and South Africa has experience in the “green industry,” tourism is developing,
and the country is rich in minerals. Experts say that
South Africa is the most prolic producer of patents in the African continent.1
1 Xolani Makhoba & Anastassios Pouris, A Patentometric Assessment of Selected R&D Priority Areas in South
Africa: A Comparison with Other BRICS Countries, 56 World Patent Information 20, 20 (2019).

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