Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) as a US Strategic Alliance Initiative under the G2 System: Legal and Political Implications

Author:Eric Yong Joong Lee
Pages:323-352
SUMMARY

The rise of China" is a critical issue of the twenty-first century's world politics. China is leading the new bipolar system in the post-Cold War period with the US. As the American dominance in East Asia became weaker, the old containment could not be fully implemented anymore. As a result, a new comprehensive strategic initiative covering the whole Pacific coastal States is being adopted. The... (see full summary)

 
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VIII JEAIL 2 (2015)
Eric Yong Joong Lee
∗∗
The rise of China is a critical issue of the twenty-first centurys world politics.
China is leading the new bipolar system in the post-Cold War period with the US.
As the American dominance in East Asia became weaker, the old containment could
not be fully implemented anymore. As a result, a new comprehensive strategic
      
this transformation is the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which was reached on
October 5, 2015. This article aims to analyze the newly arisen TPP as a post-Cold
War strategic alliance of East Asia. The TPP is a mega regional trade agreement.
Its predictable legal setting is thus indispensable for the peaceful coordination of
      
this region, sharing the vision of cooperation, not confrontation in the future.
Keywords
TPP, Containment, New Bipolar System, China, Mutual Defense Treaty,
Pivot to Asia, One Belt, One Road Initiative, RCEP

Ou
of the global system and improve the rules and norms.
US Vice President Joseph P. Biden, April 5, 2013
This paper is a fully revised version of the presentation to the New Haven Conference held at Zhejiang University, China,
on October 30-31, 2014.
∗∗ Professor of International Law at Dongguk University – Seoul, Korea; President of YIJUN Institute of International Law.
B.A.(U. Washington), M.P.A.(Seoul N. U.), LL.M.(Leiden), Dr.iur.(Erasmus). ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5640-
490X. This work was supported by the research program of Dongguk University. The views reflected in this article are
his own. Readers’ comments are cordially welcome. The author may be contacted at: grotian@hotmail.com / Address:
562 Gwangnaruro, Kwangjin-gu #201 Seoul 143-821 Korea.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14330/jeail.2015.8.2.02
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324 
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The rise of China is a highly topical issue of the twenty-first centurys world
politics. China is a pillar of the new bipolar (G2) system in the post-Cold War
period with the US. Despite having been the central kingdom of the whole of Asia
for thousands years, modern Chinas hegemony is a recent phenomenon. Before
1949, China had been occupied by foreign countries and then suffered from the
civil war between the communists and the nationalists. Due to the Cold War,
Chinese expansion to the Pacific coast was more severely restricted by the US-
led security alliance. Things began to drastically change in the new millennium.
As the American dominance in East Asia became weaker, the old style of security
alliance - containment - could not be fully implemented anymore. As a result, a new
     
TPP),

The primary purpose of this research is to analyze the newly arising question
of the TPP as a post-Cold War strategic alliance of East Asia from the eyes of
international law. This paper will pay more attention to the security alliance than a
pure economic partnership. The TPP is a mega regional trade agreement (RTA).
This strategic setting should be thus carefully analyzed from a legal and political
perspective. In this paper, the author will discuss the grand institutional shift from
the containment to the TPP from a viewpoint of the security initiative between
member States beyond the implications of trade and an investment agreement. This
paper is composed of four parts, including a short Introduction and Conclusion. Part
two will examine the origin and East Asian evolution of the containment policy as
a conventional security alliance led by the US. The legal structure of the policy will
also be analyzed. Part three will discuss the legal and political implications of the
TPP under the new bipolar system as a security initiative.
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