The regional level in the romanian and french law - Comparative study

AuthorElena Sferlea
PositionAgora University of Oradea Faculty of Juridical and Administrative Sciences, Romania
AGORA International Journal of Juridical Sciences,
ISSN 1843-570X, E-ISSN 2067-7677
No. 2 (2017), pp. 82-87
Agora University of Oradea
Faculty of Juridical and Administrative Sciences, Romania
*Correspondence: Agora University of Oradea, 8 Piaţa Tineretului St., Oradea, Romania
The present paper outlines a comparative study on the regional level as stipulated by the
Romanian and French legislations. It aims to identify the main similarities and differences
between the Romanian development regions and the French regions, although Romania does
not have a real administrative regional level. The study also considers the particular
territorial features of the two states, along with the specific trends they are following in their
administrative-territorial reorganization and which can determine different evolutions.
KEYWORDS: development regions, region, territorial collectivity, administrative-territorial
organization/reorganization, decentralization, administrative level, county, competences
Territorial organization in Romania and France relies on the same principles, such as
territorial uniformity, coexistence in the same territory of a decentralized administration along
with a deconcentrated one, but also two common administrative levels: the basic level
(commune) and county level. In France, there is also a third level of territorial administration
regional administration, which does not quite have a proper correspondent in Romania,
because the development regions do not enjoy the status of territorial community.
The great number of communes, the various territorial collectivities led by specific regimes
and the development of inter-communality increase the complexity of the French
administrative environment. The collectivities that are in derogation of the common law, the
collectivities with particular status, the overseas collectivities as provided by Art.74 of the
Constitution, or the collectivities with uncertain status embody the numerous particularities of
the French territorial administration.
In turn, the territorial organization of Romania is less complicated. At basic level, the
commune and the town make the distinction between rural and urban. Based on their
development and the population density, the major Romanian towns are converted into
municipalities. Stipulated facultatively for all municipalities, the administrative-territorial
divisions do not exist literally outside the capital-city where they are named sectors. The
capital-city of Romania has 6 sectors while the number of arrondissements in Paris, Lyon and
Marseille is greater (20, 16 and 9, respectively). In both countries, the capital-city enjoys a
special status
At county level, the Romanian Constitution confers the County Council the particular status
of coordinator and also provides the traditional county pattern which distinguishes it from the
French département. For France, highly important is also the election of the county
The law of February 28th 2017 on the status o f Paris and metropolitan planning, known as the Paris Act, relaxes
the criteria for access to metropolitan status. Unlike French legislation, in Romanian system there is no law
dedicated exclusively to Bucharest, but a separ ate regulation in the Law on Local Public Administration No.

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