The radiation protection programme

Pages:25-37
 
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7. The radiation protection programme
7.1. General
7.1.1. A radiation protection programme should include the surveillance and
monitoring of workers engaged in radiation work, the monitoring of the work area, the
ergonomic study of the radiation protection provisions, the assessment of working
methods with respect to health and safety, the establishment of contaminated areas, the
continued assessment of protective measures, the classification of workers engaged in
radiation work according to conditions of work, the provision of advice on
decontamination procedures, and any other appropriate measures.
7.1.2. The radiation protection programme should be reviewed periodically in
the light of experience, and also in the event of any new installations or practices or of
any major modifications made to installations or practices, to ensure that it may
continue to meet its objectives.
7.1.3. An integral part of any radiation protection programme should be a
quality assurance programme aimed at ensuring that equipment and instruments
function correctly, that procedures are properly established and implemented, that
analyses are correctly performed, that errors are limited, that records are correctly and
promptly maintained, that the required accuracy of measurements is maintained and that
systematic errors do not arise, and that personnel are properly trained.
7.1.4. Radiation surveillance and health surveillance should be provided in
accordance with the provisions listed in sections 7.2 and 7.3 respectively by appropriate
radiation surveillance and health surveillance personnel or services.
7.1.5. The functions, organisation and conditions of operation of services
entrusted with the surveillance of installations or practices where radiation sources are
used or radio-active materials are handled should conform to the principles laid down in
the Occupational Health Services Convention, 1985 (No. 161), and Recommendation,
1985 (No. 171).
7.1.6. (1) The detailed organisational arrangements needed to ensure adequate
radiation protection in a specific installation depend on many factors, including the size
of the installation or practice being carried out and the magnitude of the radiation risk
involved.
(2) The organisation should be adequate and appropriate to the
occupational risks of the installation, taking into account in particular:
(a) the amount and nature of the radioactive materials being used or handled and
whether they are in a sealed or a non-sealed form, and the type of radiation-
producing apparatus such as X-ray equipment or accelerators;
(b) the extent of the use of the source and the manner in which it is used;
(c) the qualifications and competence of the operating personnel;
(d) the installation in which the source is used;
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