The new lispendens regime in the Regulation Brussels I bis and the challenge met by Chinese jurisdiction

Autor:Huang Zhang
Páginas:1-20
RESUMEN

El nuevo régimen de la litispendencia en el Reglamento Bruselas I bis extiende su aplicación a los terceros países, entre los que se incluye China. Esta extensión constituye un reto para la jurisdicción china a causa de la ausencia de un criterio uniforme en cuanto a la litispendencia en el Derecho chino. La aplicación de las normas en el Reglamento Bruselas I bis merece una atenta consideración... (ver resumen completo)

 
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www.reei.org
DOI: 10.17103/reei.28.13
THE NEW LIS PENDENS REGIME IN THE
REGULATION BRUSSELS I BIS AND THE CHALLENGE
MET BY CHINESE JURISDICTION
EL NUEVO RÉGIMEN DE LA LITISPENDENCIA EN EL
REGLAMENTO BRUSELAS I BIS Y EL RETO AFRONTADO
POR LA JURISDICCIÓN CHINA
Huang Zhang
Summary: I.
I
NTRODUCTION
.
II.
T
HE REGIME OF LIS PENDENS IN THE
B
RUSSELS
I
R
EGULATION AND ITS SUCCESSOR
.
III.
T
HE REGIME OF LIS
PENDENS IN
C
HINESE
L
AW AND THE CHALLENGE MET BY
C
HINESE
JURISDICTION AFTER THE RECAST OF
B
RUSSELS
R
EGULATION
.
IV.
A
POSSIBLE BILATERAL INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION REGARDING LIS
PENDENS BETWEEN
C
HINA AND THE
EU.
V.
C
ONCLUSION
A
BSTRACT
: The new regime of lis pen dens in Regulation Brussels I bis has extended its application to the
third states including China. T his may be a challenge to Chinese jurisdiction si nce it has not established a
uniform criterion to deal with lis pen dens. However, the provisions regarding the relation with third states
in the new regime of lis penden s still need further examination. Besides, the unilateral statement in the
Regulation may be unfair from the Chinese perspective. In this way, it may be relevant for the Chinese
and the E U legislators to seek a solution through the establishment of a bilateral Convention that is
specialized at dealing with the regime of lis pendens.
R
ESUMEN
: El nuevo régimen de la litispendencia en el Reglamento Bruselas I bis extiende su aplicación a
los terceros países, entre los que se incluye China. Esta extensión constituye un reto para la jurisdicción
china a causa de la ausencia de un criterio uniforme en cuanto a la litispendencia en el Derecho chino.
La aplicación de las normas en el Reglamento Bruselas I bis merece una atenta consideración ya que el
tratamiento unilateral que realiza este Reglamento puede considerarse injusto desde la perspectiva
china. Es por esto que se propone como solución el estab lecimiento de un conven io bilateral entre la UE
y China en materia de la litispendencia.
K
EYWORDS
: Regulation Brussels I bis; lis pendens; reflexive effect; exclusi ve jurisdiction; choice o f
forum agreement; the EU-China Convention
P
ALABRAS CLAVES
: Reglam ento Bruselas I b is; litispendencia; efecto reflejo; competencia judicial
internacional exclusiva; pacto de elección de foro; Convenio entre la UE y China
Fecha de recep ción del original: 16 de mayo de 2014. Fecha de aceptación de la versión final: 8 de julio
de 2014.
Huang Zhang, Chinese doc toral candidate in the program International Relatio ns and European
Integration in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, e-mail: zhanghuangcn@gmail.com
[28]
R
EVISTA
E
LECTRÓNICA DE
E
STUDIOS
I
NTERNACIONALES
(2014)
- 2 -
DOI: 10.17103/reei.28.13
I.
I
NTRODUCTION
1. Lis pendens deals with the conflict of jurisdiction in which several proceedings
involving the same actions between the same parties are brought before different states.
In order to provide more safety to the parties and the judicial systems and avoid
irreconcilable judgments, Regulation Brussels I (RBI) has established its own system
trying to coordinate the judicial relations between the Member states. Recently, the new
Regulation Brussels I bis (Regulation 1215/2012, RBIbis) has revised the regime of lis
pendens, in which its application has been extended to third states.
However, it seems that Chinese jurisdiction has not been well prepared to accept this
challenge. First of all, there remain very few provisions regarding the regime of lis
pendens in Chinese legislation, and provisions related to lis pendens are mostly seen in
conventions concluded by China with other states. Secondly, Chinese legislators
adopted different criteria upon the stay of proceedings with regard to different states,
which we will mention in this article. And the absence of a uniform criterion to lis
pendens will leave more difficulties for the Chinese nationals to apply the international
conventions. Thirdly, parties of different Member states may be subject to the same
criterion established by RBIbis before courts of the Member states, while they may be
treated differently before Chinese courts. Therefore, the new regime of lis pendens in
RBIbis may be a challenge to Chinese jurisdiction.
In this Article, in the first part, we will present the recent reform to the regime of lis
pendens that was newly adopted in RBIbis, and also try to analyse the difficulties that
may arise on its extension of application to third states. In the second part, we will
present the ambiguity existing in Chinese PIL, and the judicial conflict that may arise on
the application of different legal documents, through which will will analyse the
challenge that Chinese jurisdiction would confront with before the uniformed EU
regime of lis pendens. As a conclusion, we will try to give some suggestions to a
possible revision in Chinese regime of lis pendens by referring to that of RBIbis, and
also try to find a judicial solution in order to harmonize the conflict of jurisdiction
between the Member states and China in terms of parallel proceedings.
II.
T
HE REGIME OF LIS PENDENS IN THE
B
RUSSELS
I
R
EGULATION AND ITS
SUCCESSOR
2. Articles 27 of RBI only deals with the issue of irreconcilable proceedings
commenced in different Member states. However, the recent revision of RBI has
extended the scope of application to third states
1
. The proposal to the new Regulation
introduced a discretionary lis pendens rule for disputes on the same subject matter and
1
See Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on jurisdiction a nd the
recognition and enforcement of judg ments in civil and commercial matters (recast), COM (2010) 748
final, p. 8. This document is available on the website: http://eur-
lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:0748 :FIN:EN:PDF.

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