Strengthening the eﬀectiveness
of whistleblowing system
A study for the implementation of
anti-corruption policy in Indonesia
Ilham Nurhidayat and Bevaola Kusumasari
Department of Management and Public Policy, Universitas Gadjah Mada,
Purpose –The purpose of thispaper is to identify and map out various aspects and key elements,which are
necessary to strengthen an effective and systematic whistleblowing system (WBS) and ensure adequate
protectionin accordance with the characteristicstypical of Indonesia.
Design/methodology/approach –This research emphasizes the extensiveuse of literature review and
previous research that analyze whistleblowing as an issue and ethical challenge in public institutions. This
research also reviews documents pertaining to the formulation and implementation of existing WBS.
Additionally, this research also analyzes some cases experienced by a number of whistleblower ﬁgures in
Indonesia as a contribution and recommendation to parties interested in formulating a more effective and
Findings –An effective and systematic WBS, assuring adequate protection, needs a number of key
elements which willbe identiﬁed and mapped out in this research and, subsequently, categorizedinto several
aspects covering humanand ethical culture; policy; legal protection; organizational structure;and procedures
and processin accordanceto Indonesia’s speciﬁc characteristics.
Practical implications –The paper can be a source to exploreanti-corruption policy and the prevention
approachof corruption based on Indonesian perspectives.
Originality/value –This paper is a signiﬁcant undertaking aimed at raising public trust in public
institutions and providing adequate protection to whistleblowers. It also contributes by encouraging the
public organization to prevent corruption and other wrongdoing, which, nowadays, are common in
Keywords Whistleblowing, Whistleblower, Corruption, Ethical dilemma
Paper type Literature review
This research was inspired by a concern over two issues. The ﬁrst concerns the issue of
corruption, particularlypertaining to the formulation and implementation of anti-corruption
strategies and policies in Indonesia. The second regards the dilemmatic and ironic
conditions that remain prevalentand are currently still experienced by good people of high
integrity known as whistleblowers who dare to speak out or uncover cases happening
internally withinthe organization they work in.
Nowadays, corruption has seeped into all aspects of government administration.
Corruption Eradication Commission’s(Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi –KPK) data have
proven that in the 13 years since the initiation of the anti-corruption reform, there have been
at least 17 governors, 50 regents/mayors, 14 judges, 121 legislative members and hundreds
(if not thousands) of high-ranking ofﬁcials who were imprisoned for corruption charges
Journalof Financial Crime
Vol.25 No. 1, 2018
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