The General Assembly on 20 November called for the promotion of a "culture of peace based on the principles established in the Charter of the United Nations and on respect for human rights, democracy and tolerance".
By the same resolution - one of 64 adopted in plenary - the Assembly urged the "promotion of development, education for peace, the free flow of information and the wider participation of women as an integral approach to preventing violence and conflicts, and efforts aimed at the creation of conditions for peace and its consolidation". It asked the Secretary-General to submit to its fifty-third session a consolidated report containing a draft declaration and programme of action on a culture of peace.
By another text, the Assembly proclaimed the year 2000 the International Year for the Culture of Peace.
On 16 December, in commending the courage of those who took part in humanitarian operations, often at great personal risk, the Assembly strongly condemned "any act or failure to act which obstructs or prevents humanitarian personnel from discharging their humanitarian functions, or which entails their being subjected to threats, the use of force or physical attack frequently resulting in injury or death".
Taking up the issue of mine clearance, the Assembly on 18 December welcomed the United Nations' efforts in fostering the establishment of "mine-clearance capacities in countries where mines constitute a serious threat to the safety, health and lives of the local population", and urged all Member States, particularly those that had a capacity to do so, to assist afflicted countries in the establishment and development of their national mine-clearance capacities.
In a resolution on the implementation of the outcome of the World Summit for Social Development (6-12 March 1995, Copenhagen), the Assembly emphasized that democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development, transparent and accountable governance and administration in all sectors of society, and effective participation by civil society were an...