554 Kelly Na
On November 26, 2012, the eighteenth annual conference of the Parties to the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (“UNFCCC”) was held in Doha,
Qatar. There, an agreement was reached to extend the life of the Kyoto Protocol
(“KP”) up to 2020, which had been originally due to expire by the end of 2012.
Greenhouse gas (“GHG”) reduction obligation was also reallocated. Some applaud
the output of this Conference, expressing relief because of the extension of KP.
others still stand skeptical, pointing out that the absence of world’s leading countries
including the United States (“US”) and China in the KP may not be an effective
solution to the climate change.
As a result of the Doha Conference, a few questions of international law have
been newly arising, e.g., an alternative energy technology aid for developing
countries, allocation of reduction obligation based on the principle of equity, matter
of common but differentiated responsibilities, and enactment of legislation to
compensate the defect of international emission trading system. Now these pressing
concerns of international society are destined to remain in existence by the extension
The primary purpose of this research is to introduce a viewpoint from the
scientific skepticism towards “man-made climate change” and to figure out the
political calculations inside KP from a viewpoint of international law. This paper is
the progress of international discourse of climate change from the beginning to the
launch of the UNFCCC system. Part three will chase factors that had decisive effects
1 Staff Writer, What Doha Did: No progress today, but a slightly better chance of progress tomorrow, The economisT,
Dec. 15, 2012, available at http://www.economist.com/news/international/21568355-no-progress-today-slightly-better-
chance-progress-tomorrow-what-doha-did; Doha Climate Conference Opens Gateway to Greater Ambition and Action on
Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme, Dec. 9, 2012, available at http://www.unep.org/newscentre/
default.aspx?DocumentID=2700&ArticleID=9353 (all last visited on Sept. 18, 2013).
2 L. Gray, Doha: Climate Change Deal Limping towards ‘Disappointing’ Conclusion, The Telegraph, Dec. 7, 2012,
available at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/environment/climatechange/9730981/Doha-Climate-change-deal-limping-
towards-disappointing-conclusion.html (last visited on Sept. 18, 2013).