Previous ILO instruments and codes of practice have included general provisions
for the reporting of occupational accidents and diseases. However, they have dealt only
to a very limited extent with the need for harmonization and more effective recording
and notification of such accidents and diseases as a tool for preventive action. The lack
of internationally agreed guidelines means that national definitions of occupational
accidents and diseases frequently differ from the international standard definition
recommended by the resolution concerning statistics of occupational injuries, adopted
by the Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (Geneva, 1982);
variations among countries also exist in collection and notification procedures, as well
as in the coverage and sources of statistics. The result is a diversity of situations in
member States. International comparisons concerning measures of success in com-
pliance, enforcement and preventive action are not possible unless harmonization is
In accordance with the decision taken by the Governing Body of the ILO at its
259th Session (March 1994), a meeting of experts was convened in Geneva from 3 to 11
October 1994 to draw up a code of practice on the recording and notification of
occupational accidents and diseases. The meeting was composed of 21 experts, seven
appointed following consultations with governments, seven appointed following
consultations with the Employers’ group and seven appointed following consultations
with the Workers’ group of the Governing Body.1
1 Experts appointed following consultations with governments:
Dr. András Békés (Chairman and Reporter), Deputy Director-General, Hungarian Labour Inspectorate,
Dr. Adel Djemaa, Physician Labour Inspector, Medical Labour Inspectorate of Sfax, Sfax (Tunisia).
Dr. Burkhard Hoffmann, Institute of the Accident Insurance Employment Fund for Safety and Health
Protection, Sankt Augu stin (Germany).
Dr. Alfonso Munevar Umba, Coordinator, Division of Labour Affairs, Legal Office, Colombian Institute
for Social Security, Santafé de Bogotá (Colombia).
Mr. Zakaria Nanyan, Director-General, Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Kuala Lumpur
Mr. Timothy John Williams, Manager, WORKSAFEAustraIia, Sydney, New South Wales (Australia).
Mr. Robert Whitmore, Economist, US Department of Labor, Washington, DC (United States).
Experts appointed following consultations with the Employers’ group:
Mr. Anthony Briscoe, Irish Business and Employers’ Confederation (IBEC), Dublin (Ireland).
Dr. Glenn E. Haughie, Director of Health, IBM Corporation, Armonk, New York (United States).
Mr. Charles M. Hunt, Human Resources Manager, Bacardi and Company Ltd., Bahamas Employers’
Confederation, Nassau (Bahamas).
Mr. Eric Jannerfeldt, Medical Adviser, Swedish Employers’ Confederation, Stockholm (Sweden).
Ms. Rohini Krishnapillai, OHS Training and Information Adviser, Australian Chamber of Commerce and
Industry, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia).
Dr. Kwame Ofori-Tutu, Senior Environmental Manager, Ashanti Goldfields Company Ltd., Obuasi
Dr. Nicholas A. Okere, Medical Director, Nigerite Ltd., Nigeria Employers’ Consultative Association,
Experts appointed following consultations with the Workers’ group:
Dr. Bernard Cabasson, Confederation “Force Ouvrière”, Paris (France).
Ms. Anne Cnudde, Belgia n Confederation of Christian Unions, Br ussels (Belgium).
Ms. Lissa Donner, Occupational Health Clinic for Ontario Workers, Ontario (Canada).