Investigation of occupational accidents, occupational diseases, commuting accidents, dangerous occurrences and incidents

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10. Investigation of occupational accidents, occupational diseases,
commuting accidents, dangerous occurrences and incidents
10.1. At national level
10.1.1. In furtherance of national policies on occupational safety, occupational
health and the working environment, and of national policy on the prevention of
occupational accidents and diseases, the competent authority should arrange for the
investigation of a sufficient number and variety of types of occupational accidents,
occupational diseases, commuting accidents and dangerous occurrences in order to be
able to:
(a) verify the effectiveness of those policies;
(b) determine whether changes are necessary to those policies, or to national laws
or regulations; and
(c) verify the effectiveness, at both national and enterprise levels, of the
arrangements for recording and notification of occupational accidents,
occupational diseases, commuting accidents and dangerous occurrences.
10.1.2. National laws or regulations concerning occupational safety and health,
and the working environment, should specify that the competent authority must
establish adequate arrangements and appropriate systems of investigation of
occupational accidents, occupational diseases, commuting accidents and dangerous
occurrences.
10.1.3. The competent authority should arrange for investigations to be carried
out by labour inspectorates or by other authorized agencies. Representatives of the
employers, and of the workers of the enterprise, should have the opportunity to
accompany the investigators, unless the latter consider, in the light of the general
instructions of the competent authority, that this may be prejudicial to the performance
of their duties.
10.1.4. Where the investigation is not entrusted to an institution authorized by
the competent authority or to a government department responsible to the legislature,
national laws or regulations should specify arrangements for the participation of the
most representative organizations of employers and workers, and of public authorities,
in the planning of the investigation, and for the participation in the investigations of the
representatives of the employers and of the workers affected, as specified in paragraph
10.1.3 above.
10.1.5. The competent authority should hold inquiries, and publish reports on
those inquiries, into cases of occupational accidents, occupational diseases, commuting
accidents, dangerous occurrences and incidents which appear to reflect serious
situations in terms of actual or potential risk to workers or the public.

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