Nigerian corruption complex: rethinking complementarities to curative measures

Author:Moses Udo Ikoh
Position:Department of Sociology, Federal University, Lafia, Nigeria
Pages:576-588
SUMMARY

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the emerging corruption complex in Nigeria, the cultural nexus that influence its enculturation, dynamics and the amoral values that tend to shape it. Design/methodology/approach The paper drew data largely from documentary and empirical secondary sources for analysis. Findings Current institutional responses ... (see full summary)

 
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Nigerian corruption complex:
rethinking complementarities to
curative measures
Moses Udo Ikoh
Department of Sociology, Federal University, Laa, Nigeria
Abstract
Purpose The purpose of this paperis to examine the emerging corruption complex in Nigeria, the cultural
nexus that inuenceits enculturation, dynamics and the amoral values that tend to shape it.
Design/methodology/approach The paper drew data largely from documentary and empirical
secondarysources for analysis.
Findings Current institutional responses are not effective and cannot be sustainable in the ght against
corruption. The enculturationprocess needs to be countered through measuresother than arrest, prosecution
and punishment to include mass mobilisation, values orientation, conscientisation and sensitisation of
Nigerianson the evils of corruption.
Research limitations/implications The endemicityof corruptionin Nigeria suggests the multiplicity
of its causative factors. But this studyfocuses only on primordial cultural fault line which hinders collective
consciencein the ght against corruption.
Practical implications Implementing the suggestions on moral awakening value orientation,
conscientisation, mass mobilisationand sensitisation is thought of as enthronement of national values as
opposed to primordial ethnic cultural values. It would complement the legal remedies in the ght against
corruption.
Social implications The building of character ofNigerians alongside existing laws on corruption will
checkmate emerging culture of corruption that is attracting adherents in both business and bureaucratic
activitiesin the countries.
Originality/value The paper takes a cultural perspective and explainshow primordial cultural values
inhibit natural culturalvalues to enthrone amoral values that have contributed to the emergencecorruption
complex in Nigeria.
Keywords Conscientization, Corruption complex, Enculturation, Nigeria culture, Value orientation
Paper type General review
Introduction
I pledge my commitment to the emergence of a new Nigeria, recognising that corruption is a
cancer that eats its own host to death; that corruption ultimately kills not only the victims, but
also the perpetrators; and that unless we change our course we are bound to end up where we are
headed.
So help me God to resist these evils in myself, and to ght them in Nigeria with all the resources
you have bestowed (Ehusani, 2003).
The concept of corruption has received wide attention in academic literature for several
decades now. Many scholarly studies have been devoted to examine the causes,
consequences and possible policy interventions that can be used to check-make corruption
(Ekeh, 1975;Heidenheimeret al., 1989;Amundsen, 2000). In 2003 the United Nations General
Assembly had to set aside 9 December every year as InternationalAnti-Corruption Dayto
JFC
25,2
576
Journalof Financial Crime
Vol.25 No. 2, 2018
pp. 576-588
© Emerald Publishing Limited
1359-0790
DOI 10.1108/JFC-12-2016-0082
The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available on Emerald Insight at:
www.emeraldinsight.com/1359-0790.htm

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