Legal protection and social reintegration of human trafficking victims

AuthorAndrei Armeanu
PositionJurist, Universitatea 'Alexandru Ioan Cuza', Facultatea de Drept, Iasi
AGORA International Journal of Juridical Sciences,
ISSN 1843-570X, E-ISSN 2067-7677
No. 2 (2019), pp. 1- 7
Jurist, Universitatea ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Facultatea de Drept, Iași
Adresa de corespondenţa: Andrei Armeanu, Aleea Bașotă, nr. 6, ap. 41, Iași, jud. Iași
As of April 2019 the Romanian authorities have expanded the protective measures to
which victims of crime will have access through Government Ordinance 24/2019. This
legislative amendment is designed to harmonise national legislation with the full provisions of
the European Directive 2012/29/EU laying down minimum rules on the rights, support and
protection of victims of crime. These changes are welcome given previous legislative
loopholes and worrying statistics as the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings is
growing in Romania. This paper is reviewing recent legislative changes and proposes an
analysis of the protection and support measures available for victims of trafficking in human
beings in Romania.
KEYWORDS: assistance for victims of human trafficking, victim protection policies,
court proceedings, European Directive 2012/29/EU, the role of legal and judicial authorities
Trafficking in human beings is a global phenomenon. In all its forms, this crime
seriously damages the dignity and physical integrity of an increasing number of women, men
and children worldwide.
The United Nations (2000) defines human trafficking as the recruitment,
transportation, or receipt of persons through some form of threat or coercion, particularly
those that abuse positions of power and take advantage of the vulnerability, for exploitation
including prostitution, servitude, or the removal of organs.
Based on this definition, victims of human trafficking can fall into several
subpopulations along two dimensions
The first dimension is the type of trafficking experienced, the subpopulations of which
include commercial sex, forced labour, involuntary servitude, and domestic violence.
The second dimension is the type of individual targeted, the subpopulations of which
include domestic or international victims, minors, individuals with special needs, and the
children of victims being trafficked.
Trafficking in human beings is often transnational in nature, but this is not always
present. Cultural and linguistic barriers and the terror of victims make this crime very difficult
to investigate. Despite the background of the majority of victims in politically unstable or
economically vulnerable countries, this phenomenon also affects developed countries, which
are becoming markets for human traffickers.
Pascual-Leone, A. (2016) ”Working with Victims of Human Trafficking” The Journal of Contemporary
Psychotherapy, p. 130

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