The Legal Integration of the American Continent. An invitation to legal science to build a new ius commune

Autor:Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño
Cargo:Ph.D., law professor, researcher and founding Director of the Law Research Center at the Escuela Libre de Derecho (2010-2013) is currently the Coordinator of the Center for Legal Development at the Universidad Anáhuac, engaged with research & study on the fields of Globalization, Regional Integration & Law
Páginas:516-553
 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
Latin American and Caribbean Law and
Economics Association
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THE LEGAL INTEGRATION OF THE AMERICAN
CONTINENT: AN INVITATION TO LEGAL
SCIENCE TO BUILD A NEW IUS COMMUNE
Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño
I. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................517
II. COMMUNITY LAW AS EUROPEAN INTEGRATION LAW.................... 521
III. FROM COMMUNITY LAW TO EUROPEAN COMMON SYSTEM
OF LAW ........................................................................................528
IV. PATH TO THE LEGAL INTEGRATION OF OUR CONTINENT ...............534
V. SCIENZA NUOVA AND THE AMERICAN IUS COMMUNE................... 541
I. INTRODUCTION
The legal integration of the American Continent is one of the most
important, suggestive and fertile issues for legal scholars on our continent.1
Attorney-at-law, Director, Escuela Libre de Derecho [Free School of Law]. Doctor of Law
cum laude and Premio Extraordinario del Doctorado [Magna Cum Laude], Universidad Complutense de
Madrid. Author of 23 books, 6 as an individual author, and 17 as co-author. His outstanding individual
books include: FILOSOFÍA DEL DERECHO. TEORÍA GLOBAL DEL DERECHO [PHILOSOPHY OF LAW.
GLOBAL THEORY OF LAW] (Mexico, Porrúa 2005), HISTORIA GENERAL DEL DERECHO [GENERAL
HISTORY OF THE LAW] (Oxford Univ. Press 2008), and EL PRIMER CONSTITUCIONALISTA MEXICANO.
TALAMANTES: IDEOLOGÍA Y PROYECTO [THE FIRST MEXICAN CONSTITUTIONALIST. TALAMANTES:
IDEOLOGY AND PROJECT] (Porrúa 2010). He has published more than 40 articles in various scientific
magazines in several cou ntries. He is a Memb er of the Mexican National R esearchers System sinc e
2007; full member, Seat 45, of the Mexican Academy of Decisional Law and Legislat ion, corresponding
member of the Royal Spanish Decisional Law and Legislation, Madrid; full member, Seat 22, and
former Vice-President of the Mexican Academy of Comparative and Private International Law.
Professor, researcher and Director of the Legal Research Center of the Escuela Libre de Derecho, the
oldest private higher educ ation law school in Mexico and one of the most prestigious ones in Mexico
and Latin America. His research and teaching focuses on the field of legal philosophy and history as
well as globalization and American regional integration law. E-mail: pampillo@eld.edu.mx Academic
Website: http://works.bep ress.com/juan_pablo_pampillo/.
1. This article gathers several reflections that I have published in the past few years,
especially in Del Mos Europaeus al Mos Americanus Iura Legendi: Una Propue sta de Refundación de
la Ciencia Nueva para la Integración Jurídica Americana [From the European Way to the American
Way of Understanding Law: A Pro posal for the Resurgence of the New Science for American Regi onal
Integration], in R
EVISTA DE LA FACULTAD DE DERECHO DE LA UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE
MADRID [MAGAZINE OF THE COLLEGE OF LAW OF UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE OF MADRID] (Nueva
Época, Number 8, UCM 2008); BASES JURÍDICAS PARA LA INTEGRACIÓN AMERICANA EN TEMAS DE
DERECHO III [ LEGAL BASIS FOR AMERICAN INTEGRATION] (Escuela Libre de Derecho 2010); Hacia
una Integración Jurídica Americana en Ambiente Jurídica [Toward an American Legal Integration in
the American Legal Environment], in 12 REVISTA DEL CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES SOCIOJURÍDICAS
DE LA FACULTAD DE DERECHO DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE MANIZALES [MAGAZINE OF THE SOCIOLEGAL
518 ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law [Vol. 17:3
The reason is that everything seems to indicate that “integration law” or
“community law” will be the new legal paradigm of the twenty-first
century, as were “human rights” during the second half of the twentieth
century—and to a certain extent continue to be. Community law nowadays
is shaping up to be the specialized legal discipline or branch of the law
around which the others are to be systematically arrayed. These are not
mere gratuitous affirmations—they are based, first of all, on the current
status of the economic, political, social and cultural processes of
globalization, which have been promoting a greater regional rapprochement
through the formation of continental blocks.2 Those regional
RESEARCH CENTER OF THE COLLEGE OF LAW O F UNIVERSIDAD DE MANIZALES] (Issue 12, Colombia,
2010); La Integración Jurídica Americana: Pensar en Grande, Actuar en Pequeño en Jurídica
[American Legal Integration: Think Big, Act Small], in 7 SUPLEMENTO DE ANÁLISIS LEGAL DE EL
PERUANO [EL PERUVIAN LEGAL ANALYSIS SUPPLEMENT] 316 (Lima, 2010). Massimo Meccarelli has
kindly covered these and other related approaches in Latin American legal historiography. Massimo
Meccarelli, La Storia del Diritto in America Latina e il Punto di Vista Europeo: Pospettive
Metodologiche di un Dialogo Storiografico [The History of Law in Latin Am erica and the European
Point of View: Methodological Prospectives of a Historiographic Dialogue], in F
ORUM HISTORIAE
IURIS (Erste Europäische Internetzeitschrift für Rec htsgeschichte [Europe’s First Internet Magazine for
Legal History] 2009).
2. The bibliography on globalization and its different economic, political, social and legal
aspects are practically impossible to cover. The interested reader may look up the following general and
easily available works: JAGDISH BHAGWATI, EN DEFENSA DE LA GLOBALIZACIÓN: EL ROSTRO HUMANO
DE UN MUNDO GLOBAL [IN DEFENSE OF GLOBALIZAT ION: HUMAN FACE OF A GLOBAL WORLD]
(Editorial Arena 2005); JORGE BASAVE ET AL. (coordinators), GLOBALIZACIÓN Y ALTERNATIVAS
INCLUYENTES PARA EL SIGLO XXI [GLOB ALIZATION AND INCLUSIVE ALTERNATIVES FOR THE TWENTY-
FIRST CENTURY] (Facultad de Economía de la UNAM y UAM 2002) (Mex.); Zygmunt Bauman, La
Globalización: Consecuencia s Humanas [Globalization: The Human Consequences], in FONDO DE
CULTURA ECONÓM ICA [MEXICAN ECONOMIC CULTURE FUND] (Tran. Daniel Zadunaisky, 2006)
(Mex.); ULRICO BECK, ¿QUÉ ES LA GLOBALIZAC IÓN? FALACIAS DEL GLOBALISMO, RESPUESTAS A LA
GLOBALIZACIÓ N [WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? FALLACIES OF GLOBALISM, ANSWERS TO
GLOBALIZATIO N] (Barcelona, Trans. Bernardo Moreno y Ma Ros a Borrás, Editorial Paidós 1998) (Sp.);
JUAN RAMÓN CAPELLA, FRUTA PROHIBIDA: UNA APROXIMACIÓN HISTÓRICO-TEORÉTICA AL ESTUDIO
DEL DERECHO Y DEL ESTADO [FORBIDDEN FRUIT: A HISTORICAL-THEORETICAL APPROACH TO THE
STUDY OF LAW AND THE STATE] (Madrid, Editorial Trotta 1999) (Sp.); MIGUEL CARBONELL Y
RODOLFO VÁZQUEZ (coordinators), ESTADO CONSTITUCIONAL Y GLOBALIZACIÓN [CONSTITUTIONAL
STATE AND GLOBALIZATION] (Editan Porrúa and UNAM 2001) (Mex.); JUAN IGNACIO CATALINA
AYORA Y JUAN MIGUEL ORTEGA PEROL (coordinators), GLOBALIZACIÓN Y DERECHO [GLOBALIZATION
AND LAW] (Cuenca, Ediciones de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha 2003) (Sp.); GUILLERMO DE LA
DEHESA, COMPRENDER LA GLOBALIZACIÓN [UNDERSTANDING GLOBALIZATION] (Madrid, 3d ed.,
Alianza Editorial 2007) (Sp.); XAVIER DÍEZ DE URDANIVIA FERNÁNDEZ, EL ESTADO EN EL CONTEXTO
GLOBAL [THE STATE IN THE GLOBAL CONTEXT] (Porrúa & the Universidad Anáhuac, 2008) (Mex.);
RAFAEL DOMINGO, MARTÍN SANTIVÁÑEZ & APARICIO CAICEDO (coordinators), HACIA UN DERECHO
GLOBAL: REFLEXIONES EN TORNO AL DERECHO Y LA GLOBALIZACIÓN [TOWARD A GLOBAL LAW:
REFLECTIONS ON LAW AND GLOBALIZATION] (Navarra, Thomson y Aranzadi 2006); JOSÉ EDUARDO
FARIA, EL DERECHO EN LA ECONOMÍA GLOBALIZADA [LAW IN THE GLOBALIZED ECONOMY] (Madrid,
Trans. Carlos Lema, Editorial Trotta 2001 ) (Sp.); FRANCESCO GALGANO, LA GLOBALIZZAZIONE NELLO

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