Issue Information – TOC

DOIhttp://doi.org/10.1111/ilr.12137
Publication Date01 Sep 2020
2020 3 u Volume 159 / September
International
Labour
Review
Contents
285 The future of work: Meeting the global challenges
of demographic change and automation
Ana L. ABELIANSKY, Eda ALGUR, David E. BLOOM and Klaus PRETTNER
This article explores future job creation needs under conditions of demographic, eco-
nomic and technological change. The authors rst estimate the implications for job
creation during 202030 of population growth, changes in labour force participation
and the achievement of target unemployment rates, by age and sex. Second, they
analyse the job creation needs by country income group and, lastly, examine the ef-
fects of accelerated automation. Projections indicate that shifting demographics will
account for a far greater share of the estimated global need for 340 million jobs over
202030 than automation.
Keywords: future of work, global labour force, global employment needs,
demographic change, labour force participation, technological change, automation, projection.
307 Employment effects of skills around the world:
Evidence from the PIAAC Damir STIJEPIC
Using an international survey that directly assesses the cognitive skills of participants,
the author studies the eect of skills on employment in 32 countries. On average, a
1 standard deviation increase in numeracy is associated with an 8.4 percentage point
increase in the probability of being employed, reducing the probability of being out of
the labour force and unemployed by 6.4 and 2.1 percentage points, respectively. After
controlling for numeracy, the estimated employment eect of years in education falls
by one third, from 2.7 to 1.8 percentage points. Notably, the employment eect of skills
is more pronounced in countries with higher unemployment.
Keywords: cognitive skills, education, labour force status, employment,
international comparisons, Survey of Adult Skills, PIAAC.

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