Climate change is one of the biggest environmental concerns in the 21
global greenhouse effect caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
into the atmosphere has led to rising global temperatures, endangering the climate
system. The international community is trying to stabilize global GHG emissions
through cooperation from multiple sectors, information sharing on the reduction of
GHG emissions with stakeholders, and the prevention of adverse effects caused by
As the 17
leading merchandise exporter among the World Trade
Organization (WTO) members,
Taiwan also produces 1% of all global greenhouse
Although Taiwan is neither a member of the United Nations, nor United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), it is still aligning its
national policies and measures on carbon dioxide emission reduction rates with the UN
guidelines. By complying with UN and UNFCCC policies and measures, and following
GHG emission reduction rates according to the Kyoto protocol, Taiwan could be
protected from low carbon regulations imposed by its trading partners in the European
Union or the United States.
In accordance with the natural disaster hotspot project of the World Bank in 2005,
Taiwan is a probable location for multiple natural disasters.
Climate change might
furthermore intensify the strength and frequency of natural disasters increasing the
damage to Taiwan. Early preparations are crucial to the reduction of adverse
consequences including human loss caused by climate change. The cost of mitigating
and adapting to the effects of climate change is still high, because of its unique
international legal status; Taiwan is unable to request any scientific or financial
assistance from international organizations and UNFCCC.
Taiwan is thus forced to
independently use its internal efforts and funds to develop climate-related policies and
measures and increase capacities.
This puts Taiwan in an unfair and unequal position
1United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change art. 2 (Mar. 21, 1994), U.N. Doc. A/AC.237/18 (Part II)/
31 I.L.M 848 (1992).
2010 13 (2010),
its2010_e/its2010_e.pdf (last visited on May 5, 2011).
Taiwans Climate Change Mitigation
, Nov. 26, 2009,
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/opinon/2011/01/198_56189.html (last visited on May 5, 2011).
: A G
5Yiyuan (William) Su,
The Effects of the Kyoto Protocol on Taiwan
, 6 S
. L. & P
51, 51 (2006).
6The Republic of China (Taiwan) has withdrawn its representation of China from United Nations since 1971.
Res. 2758, at 2, U.N. GAOR, 26th Sess., Supp. No. 29, U.N. Doc. A/8429 (Oct. 25, 1971),
dds-ny.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/327/74/IMG/NR032774.pdf?OpenElement (last visited on May 5,