International Legal Regulation of Space Tourism

Author:Irina R?zhenko and Olena Halahan
Position:Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor, Kherson State University (Kherson, Ukraine)/Senior lecturer, Kherson State Maritime Academy (Kherson, Ukraine)
Pages:83-90
Advanced Space Law, Volume 5, 2020 83
International Legal Regulation of Space Tourism
Irina Rуzhenko1
Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor, Kherson State University
(Kherson, Ukraine)
E-mail: Rigenko_Irina@ukr.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9208-2132
Olena Halahan2
Senior lecturer, Kherson State Maritime Academy (Kherson, Ukraine)
E-mail: olena_halahan@ukr.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8392-6965
Rуzhenko, Irina, and Olena Halahan (2020) International Legal Regulation of Space
Tourism. Advanced Space Law, Volume 5, 83-90. https://doi.org/10.29202/asl/2020/5/8
The article analyzes the state of legal regulation of the process of organization and implementation of
space tourism, denes the features of its application and its place in modern international space law. The
legal norms in the eld of space travel and the legal bases of their organization were analyzed.
An attempt to analyze the legal status of persons taking part in space missions was made. The
issue of the international legal personality of the participants of the space tourist service contract
was investigated. Particular attention was paid to the legal status of space tourists. The content of the
denition of “cosmonauts as messengers of humanity into space” was analyzed. The issues of the risks
inherent in space tourism activities and the international legal liability of the parties to the space tourist
services contract were considered. It has been stated that a space traveler has a certain amount of rights
and obligations throughout the period, from the beginning of preparation to the journey and ending
with the period after returning to Earth. An indicative list of space tourists’ rights has been restated,
and examples of their obligations and limitations in time and space have been provided. It was noted
that the legal status of persons who have the status of space tourists, does not coincide with the status
of professional astronauts, despite the fact that the rst and second performing space travel. It is proved
that the concept of “space tourist” is an integral part of the concept of “participant of space ight”.
The study found that space tourists have the opportunity to undertake space travel on the basis of a
contract for space tourist services and solely on a commercial basis. It was stated that the activities to
be conducted while the tourist is in space should be well planned and approved by a particular state
body — the national space agency of the launching country. A specic condition for the participation of
a space tourist in space ight is the process of its preparation and the passage of special selection, which
includes checking personal, biographical, medical information about the person, physical and mental
health status, command of the language of communication and so on.
© Ryzhenko, Irina, 2020
© Halahan, Olena, 2020

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