International Convention against Doping in Sport
|Subject:||Narcotics, drugs and psychotropic substances|
The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, hereinafter referred to as “UNESCO”, meeting in Paris, from 3 to 21 October 2005, at its 33rd session,
Considering that the aim of UNESCO is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science and culture,
Referring to existing international instruments relating to human rights,
Aware of resolution 58/5 adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 3 November 2003, concerning sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace, notably its paragraph 7,
Conscious that sport should play an important role in the protection of health, in moral, cultural and physical education and in promoting international understanding and peace,
Noting the need to encourage and coordinate international cooperation towards the elimination of doping in sport,
Concerned by the use of doping by athletes in sport and the consequences thereof for their health, the principle of fair play, the elimination of cheating and the future of sport,
Mindful that doping puts at risk the ethical principles and educational values embodied in the International Charter of Physical Education and Sport of UNESCO and in the Olympic Charter,
Recalling that the Anti-Doping Convention and its Additional Protocol adopted within the framework of the Council of Europe are the public international law tools which are at the origin of national anti-doping policies and of intergovernmental cooperation,
Recalling the recommendations on doping adopted by the second, third and fourth International Conferences of Ministers and Senior Officials Responsible for Physical Education and Sport organized by UNESCO at Moscow (1988), Punta del Este (1999) and Athens (2004) and 32 C/Resolution 9 adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO at its 32nd session (2003),
Bearing in mind the World Anti-Doping Code adopted by the World Anti-Doping Agency at the World Conference on Doping in Sport, Copenhagen, 5 March 2003, and the Copenhagen Declaration on Anti-Doping in Sport,
Mindful also of the influence that elite athletes have on youth,
Aware of the ongoing need to conduct and promote research with the objectives of improving detection of doping and better understanding of the factors affecting use in order for prevention strategies to be most effective,
Aware also of the importance of ongoing education of athletes, athlete support personnel and the community at large in preventing doping,
Mindful of the need to build the capacity of States Parties to implement anti-doping programmes,
Aware that public authorities and the organizations responsible for sport have complementary responsibilities to prevent and combat doping in sport, notably to ensure the proper conduct, on the basis of the principle of fair play, of sports events and to protect the health of those that take part in them,
Recognizing that these authorities and organizations must work together for these purposes, ensuring the highest degree of independence and transparency at all appropriate levels,
Determined to take further and stronger cooperative action aimed at the elimination of doping in sport,
Recognizing that the elimination of doping in sport is dependent in part upon progressive harmonization of anti-doping standards and practices in sport and cooperation at the national and global levels,
Adopts this Convention on this nineteenth day of October 2005.
ARTICLE 1. PURPOSE OF THE CONVENTION
The purpose of this Convention, within the framework of the strategy and programme of activities of UNESCO in the area of physical education and sport, is to promote the prevention of and the fight against doping in sport, with a view to its elimination.
ARTICLE 2. DEFINITIONS
These definitions are to be understood within the context of the World Anti-Doping Code. However, in case of conflict the provisions of the Convention will prevail.
For the purposes of this Convention:
“Accredited doping control laboratories” means laboratories accredited by the World Anti Doping Agency.
“Anti-doping organization” means an entity that is responsible for adopting rules for initiating, implementing or enforcing any part of the doping control process. This includes, for example, the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, other major event organizations that conduct testing at their events, the World Anti-Doping Agency, international federations and national anti-doping organizations.
“Anti-doping rule violation” in sport means one or more of the following:
(a) the presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s bodily specimen;
(b) use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method;
(c) refusing, or failing without compelling justification, to submit to sample collection after notification as authorized in applicable anti-doping rules or otherwise evading sample collection;
(d) violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing, including failure to provide required whereabouts information and missed tests which are declared based on reasonable rules;
(e) tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of doping control;
(f) possession of prohibited substances or methods;
(g) trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method;
(h) administration or attempted administration of a prohibited substance or prohibited method to any athlete, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or any attempted violation.
“Athlete” means, for the purposes of doping control, any person who participates in sport at the international or national level as defined by each national anti-doping organization and accepted by States Parties and any additional person who participates in a sport or event at a lower level accepted by States Parties. For the purposes of education and training programmes, “athlete” means any person who participates in sport under the authority of a sports organization.
“Athlete support personnel” means any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical or paramedical personnel working with or treating athletes participating in or preparing for sports competition.
“Code” means the World Anti-Doping Code adopted by the World Anti-Doping Agency on 5 March 2003 at Copenhagen which is attached as Appendix 1 to this Convention.
“Competition” means a single race, match, game or singular athletic contest.
“Doping control” means the process including test distribution planning, sample collection and handling, laboratory analysis, results management, hearings and appeals.
“Doping in sport” means the occurrence of an anti-doping rule violation.
“Duly authorized doping control teams” means doping control teams operating under the authority of international or national anti-doping organizations.
“In-competition” testing means, for purposes of differentiating between in-competition and out-of-competition testing, unless provided otherwise in the rules of an international federation or other relevant anti-doping organization, a test where an athlete is selected for testing in connection with a specific competition.
“International Standard for Laboratories” means the standard which is attached as Appendix 2 to this Convention.
“International Standard for Testing” means the standard which is attached as Appendix 3 to this Convention.
“No advance notice” means a doping control which takes place with no advance warning to the athlete and where the athlete is continuously chaperoned from the moment of notification through sample provision.
“Olympic Movement” means all those who agree to be guided by the Olympic Charter and who recognize the authority of the International Olympic Committee, namely the international federations of sports on the programme of the Olympic Games, the National Olympic Committees, the Organizing Committees of the Olympic Games, athletes, judges and referees, associations and clubs, as well as all the organizations and institutions recognized by the International Olympic Committee.
“Out-of-competition” doping control means any doping control which is not conducted in...
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