Report No. 29 (2020) IACHR. Petition No. 12.865 (United States)

CourtInter-American Comission of Human Rights
Report Number29
Case TypeMerits
Case Number12.865
Alleged VictimDjamel Ameziane
Respondent StateUnited States
REPORT No. 29/20
CASE 12.865
MERITS REPORT (PUBLICATION)
DJAMEL AMEZIANE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Approved electronically by the C.n on A. 22, 2020.
OEA/Ser.L...
.
.
D.. 39
22 A. 2020
Original: English
Cite as: IACHR. R.rt No. 29/20. C. 12.865. M.ts (Publication). D...A.. United
S.s. A. 22, 2020.
www.cidh.org
1
INDEX
I. SUMMARY ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3
II. POSITIONS OF THE PARTIES ................................................................................................................................................... 4
A. Petitioners ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4
B. S. ................................................................................................................................................................................... 5
III. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATION ........................................................................................................................................... 5
IV. FINDINGS OF FACT ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6
A..C.: The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the U.S. legal resp onse............................. 6
B. I. about D..A. ne .................................................................................................................. 8
C..M...A.’s detention at Kandahar airbase, Afghanistan and G.amo Bay, Cuba ........ 9
1. I. about the impact of indefinit e detention on Mr. A.e ......................... 13
2. Additional information about interrog ations at G.amo Bay .................................... 14
3. I. about medical c are at G.amo Bay .............................................................. 15
4. I. about interferenc e with religious practice and religious abuse ............... 16
5. I. about the impact of his time in U.S. custody on M r. A.e and his
family ............................................................................................................................................................. 17
D. The right to habeas corpus for G.amo detaine es and Mr. A.e’s fed eral habeas
petition ........................................................................................................................................................................... 18
1. Legal framework and development s, 2002-2009 ...................................................................... 18
2. Mr. A.e’s habeas corpus petition........................................................................................... 19
E. Mr. A.e’s forced transf er to Algeria from G.a mo Bay ...................................................... 23
1. G.eral framework and co nsiderations regarding transfers ............................................... 23
2. Mr. A.e’s forced transf er .......................................................................................................... 25
F..M...A.’s situation sin ce returning to Algeria .................................................................................. 27
G..A. of legal remedies for violations alleged in this report ...................................................... 27
1. Remedies to challenge detention conditions at G.a mo Bay ..................................... 27
2. Remedies to secure the ret urn of confiscated property ......................................................... 27
3. Investigation and criminal prosecuti on of acts of torture ..................................................... 28
4. Remedies to receive civil re parations for harms suffered in U.S. cu stody...................... 28
H. The current situation of detainees at G.amo Bay ........................................................................... 29
V. ANALYSIS OF LAW ...................................................................................................................................................................... 29
A..P. considerations regardi ng applicable law .............................................................................. 29
1. Application of the A...D. and interpretation in light of dev elopments
in international human rights law since its ado ption .............................................................. 29
2. Application and interaction of internatio nal humanitarian law with international
human rights law ...................................................................................................................................... 30
B. R. to protection from arbitrary detentio n (A.. I and XXV) ............................................................ 31
1. International human rights a nd humanitarian law standards regardi ng arbitrary
detention ...................................................................................................................................................... 31
2
2. Arbitrary detention at G.amo Bay ....................................................................................... 33
3. Arbitrary detention of Mr. A.e .............................................................................................. 33
C. R. to humane treatment in detention (A.. I and XXV), in connection with the right to
religious freedom (Art. III), to the preservation of health and to well-being (Art. XI), and to the
protection of private and family life (A.. V and VI) ................................................................................. 35
1. The prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment
(CIDT) ............................................................................................................................................................ 36
2. International human rights s tandards regarding detentio n conditions .......................... 38
3. P.ar considerations regarding solitary confinement, incommunicado, and
indefinite detention ................................................................................................................................. 40
4. P.ar considerations regarding adequate medical care in detention ..................... 41
5. P.ar considerations regarding freedom of religio n and belief in detention ...... 42
6. The right to private and family life in the context of detention ........................................... 43
7. Torture and other cruel, inh uman, or degrading treatment or pu nishment of Mr.
A.e ...................................................................................................................................................... 43
D. R. to freedom of expression, assembly, and petition (A.. IV, XXI and XXIV) ......................... 51
E. R. to due process of law (Art. XXVI) and to an effective legal remedy (Art. XVIII) ................ 52
1. L. of an effective legal remedy to challenge Mr. A.i ane’s detention...................... 53
2. L. of an effective remedy to challenge conditions of confinement at G.amo
.......................................................................................................................................................................... 54
3. L. of effective civil remedies to receive reparations for torture, arbitrary detention,
and other claims ....................................................................................................................................... 54
4. L. of effective remedies to investigate a nd punish torture and other grav e human
rights violations ........................................................................................................................................ 55
F. R. to equality under the law (Art. II) .......................................................................................................... 59
G. The obligation of non-refoulement, in connectio n with the rights to due proc ess and an
effective remedy ......................................................................................................................................................... 61
1. The prohibition of refoulement in inter-A.can jurisprudence and other
international instrument s .................................................................................................................... 61
2. The obligation to ensure due process to evaluate claims of possible
refoulement ................................................................................................................ 63
3. Refoulement of Mr. A.e ............................................................................. 64
H...R. to protection of honor and personal reputation (Art. V) in connection
with rights to equality, due process, and an effective remedy ............................ 64
I. R. to property (Art. XXIII) in connection with rights to equality, due process
and the presumption of innocence, and an effective remedy .............................. 65
J. Aggravated S. responsibility ....................................................................................... 66
VI. ACTIONS SUBSEQUENT TO REPORT No. 156/18 .................................................................................... 66
VII. ACTIONS SUBSEQUENT TO REPORT 97/19............................................................................................... 68
VIII. FINAL CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: ................................................................................. 68
IX. PUBLICATION .......................................................................................................................................................... 70

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