General rights and responsibilities

An ILO code of practice on HIV/AIDS and the world of work
ment, where appropriate, with the active involvement of workers infected and affected
4.6. Screening for purposes of exclusion from employment or work processes
HIV/AIDS screening should not be required of job applicants or persons in employ-
4.7. Confidentiality
There is no justification for asking job applicants or workers to disclose HIV-related
personal information. Nor should co-workers be obliged to reveal such personal infor-
mation about fellow workers. Access to personal data relating to a workers HIV status
should be bound by the rules of confidentiality co nsistent with the ILOs code of practice
on the protection of workers personal data, 1997.
4.8. Continuation of employment relationship
HIV infection is not a cause for termination of employment. As with many other con-
ditions, persons with HIV-related illnesses should be able to work for as long as medi-
cally fit in available, appropriate work.
4.9. Prevention
HIV infection is preventable. Prevention of all means of transmission can be achieved
through a variety of strategies which are appropriately targeted to national conditions
and which are culturally sensitive.
Prevention can be furthered through changes in behaviour, knowledge, treatment
and the creation of a non-discriminatory environment.
The social partners are in a unique position to promote prevention efforts particularly
in relation to changing attitudes and behaviours through the provision of information and
education, and in addressing socio-economic factors.
4.10. Care and support
Solidarity, care and support should guide the response to HIV/AIDS in the world of
work. All workers, including workers with HIV, are entitled to affordable health services.
There should be no discrimination against them and their dependants in access to and
receipt of benefits from statutory social security programmes and occupational schemes.
5. General rights and responsibilities
5.1. Governments and their competent authorities
(a) Cohe rence. Governments should ensure coherence in national HIV/AIDS strategy
and programmes, recognizing the importance of including the world of work in
national plans, for example by ensuring that the composition of national AIDS coun-
cils includes representatives of employers, workers, people living with HIV/AIDS
and of ministries responsible for labour and social matters.
(b) Multi-sectora l participa tion. The competent authorities should mobilize and support
broad partnerships for protection and prevention, including public agencies, the pri-

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