General provisions

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2. General provisions
General provisions
2.1. Responsibilities
2.1.1. General requirements
Safety in ports is the responsibility of everyone who is
directly or indirectly concerned with work in ports and
needs to cooperate to develop safe systems of work and en-
sure that they are put into practice. The introduction of new
ideas and concepts in cargo handling demands that special
attention be paid to safety requirements. The guidance
given in this code of practice relates to both new and existing
working practices.
2.1.2. Competent authorities
1. When more than one authority is responsible for
drawing up relevant legal requirements that apply to ports,
it is essential that they liaise in order to ensure that their
requirements are consistent with the relevant international
instruments.
2. Competent authorities should ensure that legal re-
quirements on safety and health in ports are put into prac-
tice. These should clearly define the bodies responsible for
enforcing them and clearly identify duty holders. Enforce-
ment bodies should also carry out accident and injury
prevention activities, including the provision of appropriate
information.
3. It is highly desirable that occupational safety and
health regulations in each country be based on relevant
international texts, including instruments adopted by the
International Labour Organization (ILO), the International
General provisions
13
Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Organ-
ization for Standardization (ISO). The legal requirements
relating to port work should implement the provisions of
Convention No. 152 and should apply to ships of all flags
when in a port.
4. Legal requirements should be framed in goal-setting
terms, specifying the objectives to be achieved, rather than
being prescriptive, thus allowing flexibility in the methods
of achieving the objectives. This code will help competent
authorities to publish guidance on how the objectives of
their legal requirements based on Convention No. 152 can
be achieved.
2.1.3. Port employers
1. Port employers, port authorities who carry out the
function of a port employer and any other person who em-
ploys workers, on a permanent or temporary basis, should
provide and maintain the workplace, plant and equipment
they own, control or operate in a safe condition. They
should also provide up-to-date written information on their
safe use and operation.
2. Bodies employing or managing portworkers should:
ensure that all portworkers (especially newly engaged
workers) are properly instructed in the hazards of their
respective occupations and the precautions that are
necessary to avoid accidents and injuries;
ensure that portworkers are appropriately informed of
national or local legal requirements relating to their
protection;
provide appropriate supervision to ensure that the con-
ditions of work of portworkers are as safe and healthy as

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