From Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 to Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019: The Evolution of the US's Hong Kong Policy in the Context of the Rise of China

Author:Jie Liu - Congyan Cai
Position:Ph.D. candidate in international law at Xiamen University School of Law - Professor at Fudan University School of Law
Pages:7-20
SUMMARY

The US has huge interests in Hong Kong. In 1992, a few years before China resumed its sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, the US adopted the U.S.-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992. The keynote of the Act is to enhance the cooperation with and maintain the treatment to Hong Kong. This tune has changed in the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019, which is obviously the response of the US to... (see full summary)

 
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Jie Liu
& Congyan Cai
∗∗
The US has huge interests in Hong Kong. In 1992, a few years before China resumed
its sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, the US adopted the U.S.-Hong Kong Policy
Act of 1992. The keynote of the Act is to enhance the cooperation with and maintain
the treatment to Hong Kong. This tune has changed in the Hong Kong Human Rights
and Democracy Act of 2019, which is obviously the response of the US to widespread
protests in Hong Kong arising from the Extradition Bill proposed by the Government
of Hong Kong SAR. The new law includes several negative elements. It marks a
change in the US policy towards Hong Kong and furthermore represents a change in
the US policy towards China. The new law should not merely be understood as the
USs support for democracy and human rights in Hong Kong. Instead, it should be
considered as a major leverage which the US may maneuver to engage a rising China.
Keywords
Hong Kong Policy Act, Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act,
the US’s China Policy, Rise of China
Ph.D. candidate in international law at Xiamen University School of Law. A.B. (Xiamen)/LL.M.(Nanjing). ORCID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3480-5387. The author may be contacted at: liujie0086@foxmail.com/Address: School of
Law at Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, P.R. China, 361000.
∗∗ Professor at Fudan University School of Law; Honorary Professor at East China University of Political Science and Law
(ECUPL). A.B./LL.M./Ph.D. (Xiamen). ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5282-013X. The author may be contacted
at: caicongyan@sina.com/Address: 2005, Song hu Road, Fudan University Law School, Shanghai, P.R. China.
From Hong Kong Policy
Act of 1992 to Hong Kong
Human Rights and
Democracy Act of 2019:
The Evolution of the US
s
Hong Kong Policy in the
Context of the Rise of China
J. East asia & intl l. Vol. 13/No.1 (2020); 7-20
Publication type : Research Article
Section : Issue Focus
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.14330/jeail.2020.13.1.01

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