26. Dangerous substances and
26.1. Handling of dangerous substances
26.1.1. Explosives, highly flammable liquids and other dan-
gerous substances should be loaded, unloaded, handled and stored
in accordance with the relevant requirements of national or local
regulations, due account being taken of applicable national and
international standards such as those of the Inter-Governmental
Maritime Consultative Organisation.
26.1.2. (1) Dangerous substances should be loaded, unloaded,
handled and stored only under the supervision of a competent person
who is familiar with the risks and the precautions to be taken.
(2) In case of doubt as to the nature of the risk or the precautions
to be taken, the necessary instructions should be obtained from the
26.1.3. (1) Dangerous substances should not be loaded, un-
loaded, handled or stored unless they are packed and labelled in
compliance with national or international regulations for the trans-
port of such substances.
(2) In the case of bulk cargo where labelling may present diffi-
culties, the necessary indications should be given on the bill of lading
or other ship's document.
26.1.4. (1) Prior to the start of cargo-handling operations, it
should be ascertained from the labels on the cargo, from the dan-
gerous cargo manifest or from other shipping documents, what
hazardous cargoes, if any, are to be handled and the general nature
of the hazard.
(2) Dockworkers should be informed of the general nature of the
hazard, the importance of not damaging the cargo and any special
precautions to be taken.