China & Global Ocean Governance Reform 315
XI JEAIL 2 (2018)
Global ocean governance is a historical product. In the course of development,
the UNCLOS has established the contemporary global ocean governance system.
The current system, however, has many defects, including ambiguity in rules and
fragmentation in structure. Furthermore, some new challenges are ever-emerging in
the system. But all these could be improved through the establishment of a UNCLOS
review agency and an enactment of supplementary agreements. China has taken
lessons from its participation in the development and reform of the system. This
includes the creation of the identity of a developing country, being an active participant
and promoter of change as opposed to being a passive recipient and follower inside
the system. In its push for reforming global ocean governance, China should not only
initiate the establishment of a “World Ocean Organization,” but also enhance its
agenda setting, drafting and contracting capabilities of international legislation.
Global Ocean Governance, UNCLOS, China, World Ocean Organization
With the increase of China’s strength, the interaction between
China and the existing multilateral system has become more
complex: On the one hand, China has joined the multilateral
system extensively, seeking a greater voice in it. On the other
s Participation in the
Global Ocean Governance
Reform: Its Lessons and
∗ This article is a part of the results of a research project, “Study on International Legal Issues of Safeguarding China’s
National Rights and Interests” (Project No.17JJD820006), a Key Project of Philosophy and Social Science Research,
sponsored by the Ministry of Education, P.R. China.
∗∗ Luojia Distinguished Professor of International Law Institute, China Institute of Boundary and Ocean Studies, and
Collaborative Innovation Center for Territorial Sovereignty and Maritime Rights at Wuhan University. A.B.(Hunan
Normal Univ.), M.A./Ph.D.(Wuhan). ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9937-2741. The author may be contacted at:
email@example.com / Address: Luojia Hill, Wuhan, Hubei Province, 430072, P.R. China.