Business and Human Rights: Human Tracking in the Fisheries Industry
e men also claimed they were beaten with stingray tails, starved, and
not compensated for their work.8 e International Organization for
Migration (“IOM”) reported that the majority of the men were from
ailand, Myanmar, Laos, Maluku and Cambodia.9
Several more cases emerged over the following months detailing
thousands of Myanmar, Cambodian, ai, and Laotian men who had
been tracked onto ai shing boats operating from across Indonesia’s
Maluku province in order to work under horrendous conditions of debt
bondage and forced labor.10 e men and women worked long hours
under cruel conditions where they were packed into crowded housing
with inadequate sanitation facilities. When the villagers sought to leave
the factory and return home, they were not permitted to do so. Instead,
their passports were withheld, and they were ordered to pay o “fees
they had incurred”— purposely made dicult, if not impossible, by the
reduced pay and unexpected deductions.For example, Phan Sophea, one
of many victims, stated he was unable to return home for his mother’s
funeral due to insucient funds to liberate his ransomed passport.11
e victims’ testimony further included “incidents of physical abuse,
torture and even murder.”12 “e IOM said last week there could be
as many as 4,000 foreign men, many tracked or enslaved, who are
stranded on islands surrounding Benjina.”13 ese cases exposed both
the deciencies in human rights protection and transgressions in the
sheries industry itself.
e Benjina case, along with many others, are most denitely human
9. See Indonesia, T I’ O. M, http://www.iom.int/countries/
indonesia (last updated May 2012).
10. See G, supra note 1.
11. See Cohen Milstein Sellers & Toll PLLC, Human Tracking and Forced
Labor Victims File Lawsuit Against California-based Seafood Importers,
G N (June 12, 2016), https://globenewswire.com/news-
12. See G, supra note 1.
13. See Margie Mason, ailand, Indonesia, Mayanmar, probing labor abuse,
slavery in Seafoo d Industry, A P (Apr. 2, 2015), https://www.