'Big Five' reach final agreement on framework for settlement
The "Big Five"--the permanent members of the Security Council--in August reached a final agreement on a framework for a comprehensive settlement of the Cambodian problem.
At an "Informal Meeting" in Jakarta on 9 and 10 September, convened by France and Indonesia, Co-Chairmen of the Paris International Conference on Cambodia, the Cambodian parties accepted the framework document in its entirety as the basis for settling the Cambodia conflict.
In a joint statement, they then committed themselves, in full cooperation with all other Conference participants, to elaborating that framework into a comprehensive political settlement through the processes of the Conference.
The Security Council on 20 September welcomed the formation by the parties to the Cambodia conflict of a Supreme National Council (SNC) and urged SNC members to elect a chairman as soon as possible. It did so by unanimously adopting resolution 668 (1990), after the first SNC meeting was held in Bangkok on 17 and 18 September.
After meeting in New York on 27 and 28 August, the "Big Five"--China, France, the United Kingdom, the USSR and the United States--jointly stated that the framework document was composed of five sections "comprising the indispensable requirements for such a settlement".
The sections concerned: transitional arrangements regarding the administration of Cambodia during the pre-election period; military arrangements during the transitional period; elections under UN auspices; protection of human rights; and international guarantees
The Five said the basic principle behind their approach was to enable the Cambodian people to determine their own political future through free and fair elections, organized and conducted by the UN "in a neutral political environment with full respect for the national sovereignty of Cambodia".
Implementation of that approach required full support from all parties to the conflict, the Five stressed. they urged acceptance of the frameword document in its entirety as the basis for settling the Cambodia conflict.
The Five also called on the parties to the conflict to commit themselves to that process and to form a Supreme National Council as soon as possible on the basis outlined in the document.
[The Cambodian parties are: the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Co-operative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC), headed by Prince Norodom Sihanouk; the Khmer People's...