Applicable law to distribution contracts in the European Union Regulation 593/2008 (Rome I)

AutorWilliam Fernando Martínez-Luna
CargoPhD in Law at Carlos III University of Madrid, Master in Private Law at Carlos III University of Madrid
Páginas255-289
Int. Law: Rev. Colomb. Derecho Int. Bogotá (Colombia) N° 28: 255-290, enero - junio de 2016
APPLICABLE LAW TO DISTRIBUTION
CONTRACTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
REGULATION 593/2008 (ROME I)*
LA LEY APLICABLE A LOS CONTRATOS DE
DISTRIBUCIÓN EN EL REGLAMENTO DE
LA UNIÓN EUROPEA 593/2008 (ROMA I)
WILLIAM FERNANDO MARTÍNEZ-LUNA**
Reception date: June 21th, 2016
Acceptance date: July 21th, 2016
Availability online: July 30th, 2016
TO CITE THIS ARTICLE / PARA CITAR ESTE ARTÍCULO
Martínez-Luna, William Fernando, Applicable Law to D istribution Con-
tracts in the Eu ropean Unió n Regulati on 593/20 08 (Rome I), 28 International
Law, Revista Colo mbiana De recho Internaci onal, 255-290 (2016). http://
dx.doi.org/10.11144/ Javeriana.il14-28.aldc
doi:10.11144/Javerian a.il14-28.ald c
ISS N:1692 -8156
* This paper is p art of the project re sults El impacto d e la globalización en l as relaciones pr ivadas
internacion ales y su repercu sión en el Derecho i nternacional p rivado colombia no, Resolución
011 de 2014, Universidad Jorge Tadeo L ozano.
** PhD in Law at Carlos I II University of Ma drid, Maste r in Private Law at C arlos III Universit y of
Madrid, Ma ster in Inter national Busines s Law and Internat ional Litigation at Rey Jua n Carlos
University of Mad rid, Lawyer of Santo Tomás Universit y, Senior Lecturer (Profes or Titular)
at Jorge Tadeo Lozano Univer sity. Contact: williamf .martinezl@ut adeo.edu.co
Int. Law: Rev. Colomb. Derecho Int. Bogotá (Colombia) N° 28: 255-290, enero - junio de 2016
256 WILLIAM FERNANDO MARTÍNEZ-LUNA
ABSTRACT
The applica ble law to the Inter national Contra ct of Distribut ion of the
European Union p resented a lot of d ifcultie s under the appli cation of the
Rome Convention of 1980, subsequ ently this un iform legal norm r equired
establish ing the law appl icable to the i nternation al contract , to identify t he
charact eristic performan ce in such legal relation ship. The character istic
performa nce of the dist ribution contr act could not be d etermi ned in a
uniform way, bec ause some of the c ourts of the Est ates which m ade part of
it understoo d that it was carri ed out by the distributo r, others maintain ed
that is was the g rantor of the mer chandi ze, whil e others con sidered t hat this
contract cou ld not be est ablished u nder char acter istic per formanc e theory.
The Rome I Regulat ion from the Europe an Union has made i mportant
modicat ions regarding deter mining the applic able law to this contract,
since it has e stablished in a r igid and direct way the nor m of the habitual
country of re sidence of th e distributor for th is legal relat ionship to be
applied. Th e present paper pret ends to analyze if t he rigid determ ination
of the law applicab le to the distribution c ontract in the Regulat ion of the
European Union Rome I, m anages to solve interp retation problems pre-
sented on the Rome C onvention of 1980, bringing leg al certaint y through
the foresee able applicable law to the inte rnational contract .
Keywords: European Union; Pr ivate International Law; Rome I Reg ula-
tion on applicab le law to contract ual obligation s; distribut ion contract;
Rome Convention
Int. Law: Rev. Colomb. Derecho Int. Bogotá (Colombia) N° 28: 255-290, enero - junio de 2016
257
APPLICABLE LAW TO DISTRIBUTION CONTRACTS IN THE
EUROPEAN UNION REGULATION 593/2008 (ROME I)
RESUMEN
La ley aplicab le al contrato internacio nal de distribució n en la Unión Euro-
pea presentó muc has dicultades bajo la a plicación del Convenio de Ro ma
de 1980, pu es esta norma jurídica u niforme requería, para e stablecer la ley
aplicable al co ntrato internaci onal, ide nticar la presta ción característ ica de
esa relación ju rídica . La prestaci ón caracterí stica del cont rato de distrib ución
no pudo ser d eterminada d e manera un iforme, pues un os tribuna les de los
Estados parte e ntendían que l a llevaba a cabo el dis tribuidor; otros sosten ían
que era el conced ente de las merca ncías; mient ras que otros consi deraban
que a este contrato no p odía establecérsele un a prestación característi ca. El
Reglamento Ro ma I de la Unión E uropea ha hech o importantes mod ica-
ciones en cu anto a la determinació n de la ley aplicable a este contrato, p ues
ha establecido d e manera rígida y di recta, que a esta relación ju rídica le sea
aplicable la ley d e la residencia h abitual del dist ribuidor. El prese nte artículo
pretende ana lizar si la determin ación rígida de la l ey aplicable al contrato d e
distribuci ón en el Reglamento de l a Unión Europea Ro ma I logra soluciona r
los problemas i nterpretativos presentados en el C onvenio de Roma de 198 0,
para otorgar seguri dad jurídic a mediante la previsi bilidad de la ley apli cable
al contrato internacional.
Palabras clave: Unión Europea; Derecho Internacional Privado; Reglamento
Roma I sobre la ley a plicable a las obligaciones con tractuales; contrato d e
distribución; Convenio de Roma
SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION.- I. THE INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTION CONTR ACT.- A. Introductory
 II. APPLICABLE LAW TO THE DISTRIBUTION CON-
TRACT IN THE ABSENCE OF CHOICE BY TH E PARTIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION.- A. The
applicable law to the di stribution contra ct in the Rome Convention of 1980.- 1.
The distri bution contract had a characte ristic performer.- 2. The Distri bution
 B. The applicable
law to the distrib ution contract i n the Rome I Regulation.- 1. Intro ductory
             
covered by Art. 4.1.f of the Rome I Regulation.- CONCLUSIONS.- BIBLIOGRAPH Y.

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