Anti-bribery information. Extent and impact on banking performance of UAE Islamic and conventional banks

Author:Haitham Nobanee, Nejla Ellili
Position:College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Pages:683-695
SUMMARY

Purpose This paper aims to explore the extent of anti-bribery disclosures in the annual reports of the banks listed on UAE financial markets by differentiating between Islamic and conventional banks and examine the effect of anti-bribery disclosure on bank’s performance. Design/methodology/approach This study uses in the first stage the content analysis to explore the extent of anti-... (see full summary)

 
FREE EXCERPT
Anti-bribery information
Extent and impact on banking performance of
UAE Islamic and conventional banks
Haitham Nobanee and Nejla Ellili
College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Abstract
Purpose This paper aims to explore the extent of anti-bribery disclosures in the annual reports of the
banks listed on UAE nancial markets by differentiating between Islamic and conventional banks and
examine the effectof anti-bribery disclosure on banks performance.
Design/methodology/approach This study uses in the rst stage the content analysisto explore the
extent of anti-bribery disclosure in the annual reportsof the banks. In the second stage, the dynamic panel
two-step robust system has been applied to study the impact of the anti-bribery disclosure on banking
performance.
Findings The empirical resultsshow that the anti-bribery disclosure is at low levels for all banks and that
there are no signicant differencesin overall anti-bribery disclosure between the twobanking systems while
there are signicant differences in anti-bribery human resources practicesbetween Islamic and
conventional banks. The dynamic panel data results show that the association between the anti-bribery
disclosure and the banks performanceis not signicant as this kind of information is not clearly disclosedin
the annual reportsof the banks.
Research limitations/implications The study suggests to the UAE central bank and nancial
markets regulators to designa framework of anti-corruptiondisclosure by considering the international anti-
corruptionregime as an effort to respond to the international developmentof the bribery practices.
Originality/value Anti-briberyconcerns all the banks over the world and this research is the rst study
that constructs an index to measure the anti-bribery disclosure and helps in providing the status of the
banking industry in terms of anti-briberydisclosure within an emerging market in the objective to improve
the transparencyin combatting the bribery.
Keywords Islamic banks, Content analysis, Panel data, Conventional banks, Banking performance,
Anti-bribery disclosure
Paper type Research paper
1. Introduction
In the past decade, corruption and bribery become very important concerns of all
governments and companies all around the globe. Bribery is dened by Transparency
International (2009) as the giving or receiving bribes, kickbacks, facilitation payment or
similar such as gifts, entertainments and hospitality, agents fees or similar.To combat
further briberyat the international level,in 1997, the Organisation for EconomicCo-operation
and Developmenthas established a conventionthat has for objective the reductionof bribery
in internationalbusiness transactionsbetween the companies in themember countries.
By far, the combat of bribery is neglected in the research about anti-corruption
disclosure. The ght against corruption has gained a slowly importanceand few guidelines
of proper anti-corruption disclosure have been developed (Gordon and Wynhoven, 2003;
JEL classication C33, G32, G34
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conict of interest.
Anti-bribery
information
683
Journalof Financial Crime
Vol.27 No. 2, 2020
pp. 683-695
© Emerald Publishing Limited
1359-0790
DOI 10.1108/JFC-11-2019-0144
The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available on Emerald Insight at:
https://www.emerald.com/insight/1359-0790.htm

To continue reading

REQUEST YOUR TRIAL