Against Direct Presidential Election

Author:Pranoto Iskandar
Position:The Institute for Migrant Rights
e Indonesian Journal of International & Comparative Law
ISSN: 2338-7602; E-ISSN: 2338-770X
© 2019 e Institute for Migrant Rights Press
against dirECt prEsidEntial
Pranoto Iskandar
e Institute for Migrant Rights
Since we are being told over and over, it should be clear by now that
we are all know and took it by heart that we are Bhinneka Tunggal
Ika. Meaning, no matter how likely, we are “out of one”.1 According to
(again) what we are told, this national motto that was taken from an an-
cient poem is the closest, if not the perfect, allusion to our fact of mod-
ern life.2 While the poem used it to refer to the reconcilability of two
versions of truth that were embraced by Buddhism and Hinduism that
destined to be in perpetual rivalry, none of us never questioned this
misleading attribution.3 Perhaps, deep down we know that it’s better to
err rather than risking our “societal harmony”. Naturally, we are happy
to leave it being constantly misconstrued. at is probably the reason
that makes it still compulsory for the elementary students to chant it
1. See e.g., Dea Oktaga, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika: Indonesia’s Source of E xcel-
lence, J G (Mar. 14, 2017),
2. See also Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, W,
3 See e.g., A. H. Aghababian, e Kakawin Sutasoma: A Look at Bhinneka Tung-
gal Ika and Perceptions of the Text’s Religious Implications, 7 I J.: S.
S., A, H. (2015),
the-texts-religious-implications; Hana Aghababian, e Kakawin Sutasoma:
A Look at ‘Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’ & Perceptions of the Text’s Religious Im-
plications (2015),

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