Addressing the Issue of Piracy o Indonesia and Nigeria
led to untold poverty, unemployment, and hardship) but also due to
the marginalisation of the minority tribes, such as the Aceh tribe, in the
country.3 On the other hand, the pollution of the environment of the
Niger Delta region due to oil exploration (which has resulted in poverty,
unemployment, health challenges, and infrastructure decadence) and
the weaponisation of militants and “area boys” by corrupt politicians
in the region culminated in the destruction of oil and gas installations,
stealing of crude oil and, subsequently, piracy o Nigeria.4
Unlike Somali pirates who specialise in kidnapping seafarers
for ransom, piracy o Indonesia and Nigeria essentially involves
the stealing of cargo which include natural resources, like crude oil
and palm oil. ese attacks adversely aect the exploitation of these
resources in Indonesia and Nigeria. While it is true that other vessels,
like container vessels and shing trawlers, are attacked and instances
of kidnapping and petty the are recorded, pirates o Indonesia and
Nigeria ordinarily target tankers because of their cargo (crude oil, palm
oil, and chemicals) which they steal and later sell at the black market.
us, the exportation of crude oil and other natural resources from
both countries, and, in particular, the importation of rened products,
for example premium motor spirit (PMS) to Nigeria, are threatened
with its attendant eect on the economic development of Indonesia
It is pertinent to note that incidents of piracy o Indonesia has
continued at a high frequency as more brazen attacks are perpetrated
against vessels. Take piracy in the Strait of Malacca as a case study, it
has been reported that the number of piracy attacks has increased from
8 in 2018 to 30 in 2019, with the possibility of further attacks as the
perpetrators are yet to be arrested and, so, the increase in piracy is a
serious concern to the region.6 is heightened level of piracy does not
3. See Eric Frecon, Maritime Predations in the Malacca Straits: Treading New
Waters, NTS I, Aug. 1, 2009, at 3; and Brigitte Rohwerder, Piracy in the
Horn of Africa, West Africa and the Strait of Malacca, R L R.
Sept., 2016, at 5.
4. A.T. Simbine & O.N. Neji, e Niger Delta crisis: perspectives of its domino eect
on the Gulf of Guinea, 4 J. Pol. Sci. & Leadership Res. 57, 58-63 (2018). See also
Rohwerder, supra note 3, at 4.
5. Rohwerder, supra note 3, at 4-5.
6. Ann Koh, Piracy along Malacca-Singapore Straits jumps nearly Fourfold,