computerization in customs

32 resultados para computerization in customs

  • Valoración vLex
  • The Role of Information Technology in Customs Modernization

    The Role of Information and Communications Technology in Customs Modernization. The Need to Integrate ICT in Customs with an Overall Modernization Program. Summing Up: Benefits of Computerization in Customs. Key Customs Computer Applications. Developing a Computerization Strategy for Customs. Awareness of the Need for Change. Reliance on a Steering Committee. Planning. System Development Process.

    ...As a result, many modernization programs in the customs sector over the last decade have incorporated significant computerization components. Many customs administrations today use varying degrees of automation to support core customs functions such as goods declaration ...

  • Two Decades of World Bank Lending for Customs Reform: Trends in Project, Dsign, Project Implementation,and Lessons Learned

    Bank Assistance in Customs-Related Projects. Rationale and Lending Instruments. Scope and Distribution of Bank Assistance. Pre-Project Diagnostic Work and Project Design. Pre-Project Diagnostic Framework. What are Customs Projects Trying to Achieve? An Analysis of Project Objectives. Measuring Performance: The Design of Performance Indicators. Key Features of Project Design. Project...

    .... The Philippines Tax Computerization Project (approved fiscal year 1993; total approved amount US$63 million) and the Russia Customs Development Project (approved fiscal year 2003; total ...

  • Transit and the Special Case of Landlocked Countries

    The Case of Landlocked Developing Countries. Costs of Transit Operations. The Principles of Customs Transit Regimes. Description of a Typical Transit Operation. Three Key Elements of a Transit Operation. Principal and Guarantor. Guarantees. Applicable Documents and Flows. Clearance of a Transit Procedure. Nonclearance of the Transit Procedure. Implementation Issues. Computerization and...

    .... . . Customs transit refers to customs procedures under which goods are transported .... @Computerization and Information Technologies. A number of developing countries have ...

  • Morocco

    Background to Customs Reform. Problems and Goals. Institutional Resources. Robust, Comprehensive, and Pragmatic Approach. Diagnosis and Strategy. Initial Observations. Resource Management. Dialogue with the Private Sector. Tariff Policy. Organization of Customs Services. The New Working Environment. Improving Procedures. BOX 4.1 Customs Clearance Sites Outside Customs Zones. BOX 4.2 Improvement...

    .... . Modernizing customs administration is an integral part of trade promotion, and Morocco began ... and the formulation of a master plan for customs computerization. . . @@Robust, Comprehensive, and Pragmatic Approach. . The customs ...

  • Peru

    Background and Origin of the Customs Reform. Trade and Tariff Regime in 1990. Customs Administration in 1990. The 1990 Economic Crisis. Laying the Foundation for Reform. Fully Dedicated Reform Manager and Team. Support from the Highest Authority. External Support and Financing. Design, Planning, and Monitoring. Reform Objectives and Strategies. Reform Measures. Legislation. Organization and...

    . . In 1990, the Peruvian government launched a major customs administration reform. The reform transformed what was generally ... and management, personnel recruitment and development, and computerization and other information and communication technology (ICT) applications that ...

  • Integrity in Customs

    Consequences of Corruption in Customs. Types of Corruption in Customs. Definition of Corruption. An Analytical Framework for Understanding Corruption. The International Customs Response. Leadership and Commitment. Regulatory Framework. Transparency. Automation. Reform and Modernization. Audit and Investigation. Code of Conduct. Human Resources Management. Morale and Organizational Culture....

    .... Box 4.3 provides examples of questions to raise when assessing the transparency of customs. . @@Automation. Computerization of core customs processes can improve efficiency and effectiveness and remove opportunities for corruption. Well-designed and implemented systems can ...

  • Policy and Operational Lessons Learned from Eight Country Case Studies

    Main Characteristics of the Countries Case Study. Economic and Population Characteristics. Fiscal Performance. Overall Reform Context. Regional and Preferential Arrangements. Customs Reform Experiences. Customs Reform Objectives. Sponsorship and Political Backing. Design. Donor Assistance. Components of Customs Reforms. Customs Code. Customs Management. Human Resources. Integrity and Corruption...

    . The focus of this chapter is the customs reform and modernization programs in eight developing countries-Bolivia, ... . . The computerization of customs offices and automation of customs procedures was a key ...

  • Customs Valuation in Developing Countries and the World Trade organization Valuation Rules

    Significance and Historic Overview of Customs Valuation. International Valuation Standards. The Uruguay Round and the Decision on Shifting the Burden of Proof. State of Implementation. The Agreement on Customs Valuation: An Introduction. Special Provisions for Developing Countries. Implementation Requirements. Organizational Structure and Training. ACV Implementation in Developing Countries....

    ...* limited and often ill-managed computerization with only statistical functions, or nonautomated clearance processes with too many manual functions and excessive room for discretion . * inadequate ...

  • Philippines

    Background. Focus of the Study. Origins of Customs Reform and Modernization Program. The Blueprint for Customs Development. The Shape of Things to Come in the Bureau of Customs. Cargo Clearance. Tracing the Seeds of the Reform. Revenue Base. Revenue Leakages and Collection Inefficiencies. Preshipment Inspection Program. Public Ethics and Accountability Program. Harmonization of Customs Procedures

    ... golden opportunity for reform and modernization in the Philippine customs service. The country had just conducted a national election that had ... International Monetary Fund (IMF) on the Philippine Tax Computerization Project (PTCP); and two important and reform-minded laws, the Republic Act ...

  • Strategy for Customs Modernization

    Objectives of Customs Operations. Evolution of Customs Role. Customs Role and Priorities in the 21st Century. Contextual Factors Necessary for a Successful Customs Reform. Awareness That Customs Operates in an Increasingly Globalized Environment. Political Support at the Highest Level. Adequate Diagnostic Work. Desire to Reduce Trading Costs. Development of a Customs Modernization Strategy....

    ...In particular, computerization brings better control over the documentary processing system, and ensures that all transactions are recorded, thus improving the rate of collection. ...

  • Duty, Relief and Exemption Control

    Duty Relief for Inward Processing. Economic Rationale. Prior Exemption versus Drawback. Administration: From Physical Control to Audits. Temporary Admission for Inward Processing. Drawback. Export Processing Zones. Conclusions and Guidelines for Duty Relief for Inward Processing. Warehousing, Temporary Admission, and Transit. Customs Warehousing. Temporary Admission. Transit. Exemptions. Issues....

    Adrien Goorman is an independent customs administration consultant, former Deputy Division Chief, Tax .... * Computerization. The TAP control system should be computerized to allow for accurate ...

  • Mozambique

    Background. Regional and Preferential Trading Arrangements. Economic Reform Program. Customs Reform Objectives and Innovative Approach. Funding. Key Institutional Reform Elements. External Support. Intertek Testing Services. Accompanying Trade and Fiscal Reform. Components of Reform. New Customs Code. Change Management. Staff, Pay, and Training. Integrity and Corruption Issues. Information and...

    . . Mozambique's reform of its customs operations was initiated in a difficult postconflict environment, which ...* manage the computerization of customs services. . . @@External Support. . In 1996, TURC invited ...

  • Uganda

    The Uganda Revenue Authority. Administration. Budget, Salary, and Staffing Issues. Customs Reform. Tariff Policy Changes and Revenue Performance. Legislation. Procedures and Clearance Times. Integrity and Corruption. Valuation Issues and Experience with Preshipment Inspection. Certificates of Origin. Personnel Issues and Training. Information Technology. Special Import Regimes. Goods in Transit....

    ... that included liberalizing external trade and modernizing its customs administration. As a result of those initiatives, Uganda's trade tariffs ...So even though computerization had been introduced, many employees continued to use a number of the old ...

  • Turkey

    Background. Tariff Structure. Relations with the World Customs Organization and Other International Organizations. Membership in the World Trade Organization and Customs Valuation. Revenue Importance of Import Taxes. The Modernization Program. New Customs Code and Simplified Trade Procedures. Reorganization of the TCA. Improvement of Physical Infrastructure with Private Sector Support. Human...

    . . This chapter reviews recent reforms undertaken by the Turkish Customs Administration (TCA) since 1993. The findings are based on a series of ... was established for that purpose at the outset of the computerization program. They note that the intensive training provided in the CCMS and ...

  • Abbreviations and Acronyms

    . ACIT Administration of Customs and Indirect Taxes (Administration des Douanes et Impôts Indirects) ... . PSI preshipment inspection . PTCP Philippine Tax Computerization Project. SADC Southern African Development Community . . SGS Société ...

  • Access to Regulated Infrastructure Utilities

    Tariffs, Access, and Quality of Service across Countries: Infrastructure as Barriers to Entry. Infrastructure as Barriers to Exit. Access to and Reliability of Infrastructure Services. -Infrastructure's Access and Quality across Different Enterprises' Characteristics: The Telecommunication Sector. The Power Sector. The Water Sector. -Private Sector Involvement and Independence of Rulemaking:...

    ... and financing required for essential remetering programs, computerization of billing, and other measures that can help improve payment performance. ...The police and customs agencies are often mentioned as the main constraints hindering trade both ...

  • Evaluating the impact of corruption (perception) indicators on governance discourses in Kenya

    Kenya has been measuring corruption since the 2007, in the context of on-going performance contracting reforms. It has developed Corruption eradication performance indicators, and tasked the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC) to monitor and evaluate their implementation. This paper seeks to evaluate the impact of these approaches to measuring corruption. How are these indicators...

  • Legal And Regulatory Aspects Of E-Commerce And The Internet

    An "e-friendly", "e-ready" enabling legal and regulatory framework is indispensable if a country is to reap the economic and social benefits of electronic commerce and the Internet. While much of the experience in creating such an enabling legal and regulatory framework on a national level is found in and derives from the industrialized countries, the issues explored in this...

    ... . . (9) Customs duties and documentation for the import or export of goods, often ... ; National Computerization Agency and Ministry of Information and Communication, 2000 Korea Internet ...

  • Data growth, the new order of information manipulation and consequences for the AML/ATF domains

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to deconstruct the problem of data growth as a complex contemporary phenomenon and discuss its implications for the domains of anti-money laundering (AML) and anti-terrorist financing (ATF). Design/methodology/approach – The theoretical approach of the paper is based upon an examination of the fundamental ideas around information growth, along with the...

    ...With computerization, a considerable change has occurred; a change that has altered the ... a central authority (either an FIU, or Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs, etc.), and the central authority becomes burdened with the management of ...

  • New Customs

    Fiscal frontiers and border control. Key elements of modernization. Daunting challenges. References.

    ... against these threats without unduly interfering with legitimate trade requires well-designed, simple procedures supported by computerization and the use of modern methods of data exchange. . . Shift to substantial reliance on taxpayer self-assessment, supported by a shift from physical ...

  • Central Asian countries receive IMF assistance to modernize customs services

    Seminar launches project activities - Administrations need to change - Reform strategy facilitates integration - Features of the seminar

    ... preshipment inspection services, import control procedures, trade facilitation, import valuation, approaches for fighting corruption, computerization, and strategies for customs reform. Other speakers represented the World Trade Organization, the World Customs Organization, the United Nations ...

  • The European Union and expansion to the East: aspects of accession, problems, and prospects for the future.

    ... of EU laws and policies (acquis communautaire), including the customs union, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), single-market laws and ...This includes computerization of schools, especially in rural areas; foreign language study; physical ...

  • Country Focus: Jamaica Celebrates Innovation; Centenary of the Romanian Patent Office

    ... have led to the modernization of operations and processes, computerization and automated systems. The Office introduced a new fee policy on January ... property rights, such as the prosecutor’s office, police, customs and border police. The third is to continue to raise the public awareness ...

  • Effective Macro Management, Structural Reforms Are Hallmarks of Botswana Economy

    Development Strategy Through the Early 1990s. Government Shifts Policy Gears. Future Policy Directions.

    ... simplified their structure in the context of the Southern African Customs Union and the World Trade Organization. The authorities also liberalized ... is being improved with new hiring, expanded training, and computerization. On the expenditure side, public sector wage increases were limited to ...

  • Mobilizing Revenue

    The case for domestic resources. Revenue-raising potential. What it will take. Effective resource use. Maximizing the benefits. References.

    ... to fall as a result of the formation of free trade areas and customs unions within the region as well as with other regional trading blocks, ... capacity and organization of revenue authorities through computerization and improved operating procedures. . Stricter enforcement mechanisms as ...