• Paix et Sécurité Internationales

Universidad de Cádiz
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Documents les plus récents

  • L'investissement direct étranger en tant que gacteur géopolitique du soft power Marocain en Afrique: Réflexion interprétative

    Les investissements directs étrangers (IDE) sont de nos jours implicitement instrumentalisés par les États, pays d’origine d’IDE, dans l’optique de provoquer une dépendance économique extérieure des pays d’accueil et ce afin de disposer d’un soft power à connotation économique dans le but de défendre in fine leurs intérêts géopolitiques. De son côté, le Maroc a fait de ses IDE intracontinentaux un instrument considérable dans le cadre de sa politique africaine notamment en devenant l’un des premiers investisseurs intra-africainsen 2016, sachant que ce statut coïncide entre autres, d’une part avec sa réintégration de l’union africaine et d’autre part avec l’accord de principe qu’il a obtenu pour intégrer la CEDEAO. À ce sujet, ce travail apportera une interprétation analytique qui essayera de décortiquer la ventilation géopolitique des investissements publics et privés marocains en Afrique. MOTS CLÉS: Investissements directs étrangers ; Maroc ; Afrique ; Soft-Power ; Géopolitique.

  • Small Island, Big Issue: Malta and its Search and Rescue Region - SAR

    Malta is located at the frontline of the Central Mediterranean route. It is a waypoint for migrants coming from the North African coast and crossing the Mediterranean, who have to pass through the Maltese search and rescue region. Malta acceded to the 1979 SAR Convention in 2002, but it has not yet signed the 2004 Amendments which clarify that the disembarkation of persons found in distress at sea must be done in a place of safety. KEYWORDS: SAR Convention - SAR region - Malta - search and rescue - place of safety.

  • The European Union and the Egyptian Neighbour: Assessing the Characterization of Resilience as an External Action Priority

    The concept of resilience acquired academic momentum and pervaded a growing number of crosscutting disciplines along the second half of the twentieth century. Drawing on its epistemological flexibility, its implicit redefinition of agency and the inclusion of the parameters of uncertainty and the inevitability of crisis in its very core, it did not take long until the fields of International Relations and foreign policy-making paid thorough attention to its potential outreach and operationalization. Nor it is surprising that the European Union, imbued in a comprehensive review of its external strategy’s flaws and shortages, embraced the term as a means to underpin the paradigmatic bridge laid by the guidance of principled pragmatism. Yet, resilience-fostering can point at states or societies, and the authoritarian nature of Egypt’s regime compels to prioritize the latter, in accordance to EU’s democratic stance. The current paper will off er a brief review of EU foreign-policy approaches vis-à-vis Egypt, an European Neighbourhood Policy/Instrument walkthrough and it will aim at putting in quantitative terms what kind of resilience is the Union placing at the forefront. To conclude, a series of recommendations will be formulated for EU resilience strategy. KEYWORDS: state/societal resilience, ENP, MENA, stability-democracy dilemma, authoritarianism, civil society, policy outputs, Annual Action Programmes.

  • Diffusion Of Research Results Of Public International Law And International Relations: ?Research Projects On Immigration And Human Rights: CIMCETT PROJECT'
  • ¿Sobrevivirá el Plan Mares al Plan Integral de Seguridad Marítima? La falta de doctrina estratégica española hacia el área del Estrecho de Gibraltar

    La aprobación del nuevo Plan de Acción de Seguridad Marítima por parte del Consejo de Seguridad Nacional plantea la necesidad de revisar el Plan Integral de Seguridad Marítima para el estrecho de Gibraltar, denominado Plan MARES y, en base a él, elaborar un Plan Integral de Seguridad Marítima que abarque todos los espacios marítimos de soberanía nacional. No queda claro, sin embargo, si el Plan MARES sobrevivirá al Plan Integral propuesto o quedará como un anexo a este último. A lo largo de las últimas décadas, la relevancia del Estrecho en los documentos político-estratégicos ha seguido una línea en forma de diente de sierra, con altos y bajos, lo que ha impedido que se elaborara una doctrina coherente y constante en torno a este espacio de relevancia estratégica internacional. Esa misma falta de coherencia se ha constatado también con el nombramiento de una Autoridad de Coordinación para luchar contra la inmigración irregular en el Estrecho al margen del Sistema de Seguridad Nacional. PALABRAS CLAVE: Plan MARES, Estrecho de Gibraltar, Plan de Acción de Seguridad Marítima, Estrategia Nacional de Seguridad Marítima, Estrategia de Seguridad Nacional.

  • Relación de Tratados, Acuerdos no Normativos, Memorandos de Entendimiento y comunicados conjuntos España-Marruecos, 2018-2019
  • DIAZ PERALTA, E., El matrimonio infantil y forzado en el Derecho Internacional. Un enfoque de género y derechos humanos, ed. Tirant Lo Blanch, Valencia, 2019
  • OANTA, G.A. (coord.), El Derecho del mar y las personas y grupos vulnerables, Bosch Editor, Barcelona, 2018
  • Water Resources Management in Central Asia and its Role in the Emergence of Conflicts Affecting Regional Stability

    This paper draws from the situation of imbalance in the use of water resources among the Central Asian States, in a context marked by a deep dichotomy between two competing uses of water -irrigation and the production of hydroelectric energy. From the perspective of water resources management, the hydrographic and geopolitical complexity of the region is unquestionable and has been found in the cause of several interstate conflicts, which are frequently aggravated by important environmental challenges. From there, this paper discusses the adequacy of the international regulatory framework to guarantee the sustainable governance of water resources in the region. The impact of multilateral conventions in the region is analysed, as well as the development of a series of bilateral agreements that have actually maintained the status quo. This situation has worsened due to the low consistency and eff ectiveness of the regional institutions created by these same agreements. From a regional perspective, the situation in the countries of Central Asia off ers an exceptional case for analysis. It is an area with significant security risks due to the widespread lack of governance over the use of water resources, which are unevenly distributed between the Central Asian States, and have undergone alarming environmental degradation in recent years. Although this situation could represent a major opportunity for the development of interstate cooperation, the upshot will depend to a large extent on the capacity of political institutions in the region to manage these resources in a way that is both environmentally and politically sustainable. KEY WORDS: Central Asia, international waters, international security, energy

  • The Recent Land and Maritime Delimitation of the Court of The Hague in the Affairs of Costa Rica v. Nicaragua, in Light of their Proposals

    Costa Rica and Nicaragua, that rarely reach direct agreements, had not delimited the maritime areas in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, nor the land boundary in the northern part of Isla Portillos. Thus, Costa Rica first initiated an action in the International Court of Justice in 2014 regarding the maritime issue, and later, in 2017, requested the definition of the land boundary of that area in Isla Portillos and that it be noted that Nicaragua had set up a new military camp on its beach. This text – in view of the parties’ proposals - will analyze the recent judgment of the Court in the joined procedures, studying the proceedings followed, the relevant geography and history, the theses of the Parties and the reasoning of the Court. KEY WORDS: International Court of Justice, res judicata, territorial and maritime delimitation, methodologies to delimit territorial sea, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf.

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