Alex B. Makulilo considers the issues accompanying the meaning of a digital document, and offers suggestions for the amendment of the Tanzania Evidence Act.
Admissibility of Computer Evidence in Tanzania
This article examines the admissibility of electronic documents by Tanzanian courts. The point of departure for discussion is the Tanzania Evidence Act, CAP 6 (R.E 2002) (TEA) and case law drawn from Tanzania and other common law jurisdictions relevant to the discussion. The first part of this article provides background information to the TEA and provides an outline of the problems of the TEA, illustrating where it needs revising in relation to the admissibility of electronic documents. The second part considers the meaning of the term electronic document. Further discussion in this part focuses on the question whether an electronic document is recognized under the TEA. The third part revisits the concepts of 'original' and 'copy' in the context of an electronic document. The fourth part concludes the article. Background information The TEA i...